BAMSE RBS23 ALL-WEATHER AIR DEFENCE MISSILE, SWEDEN

瑞典“巴姆斯”RBS23全天候防空导弹

Date:2016-01-03 Source:SinoDefence By:globalmil Viewed:

  The Saab Bofors Bamse all-weather, all-target air defence missile system

“巴姆斯”RBS23全天候防空导弹


        The Saab Bofors Bamse all-weather, all-target air defence missile system is deployed to protect fixed and mobile assets and can be used against a range of threats including fixed and rotary wing aircraft, unmanned aircraft, stand-off missiles, cruise and anti-radiation missiles and guided bombs.
        瑞典著名萨伯·博福斯(Saab Bofors)公司开发生产的具有先进性能“巴姆斯”(Bamse)近程全天候、全目标防空导弹系统,部署用于保护固定和移动装备、物资、设施。能防御一定范围威胁,包括固定翼飞机、直升飞机、无人飞机、远程导弹、巡航导弹、反辐射导弹和制导炸弹。

        Bamse is effective against very small and very fast targets such as air-to-surface attack missiles. The system has all-weather capability and a target range that exceeds the stand-off distance of electro-optically controlled weapons. The system provides a target range over 15km and coverage to an altitude up to 15,000m.
        “巴姆斯”有效防御非常小的和速度非常快的目标,例如空对地攻击型导弹。系统具有全天候和目标范围控制能力,有效区分那些超出或远离光电控制武器射程的目标。系统提供一个目标距离遍及15公里和覆盖高度达到15,000米的作战能力。

        Bofors (later to become Saab Bofors) and Ericsson completed the project definition phase in 1991 and the engineering development program began in 1992. In 1993 the Swedish Government placed a contract on the then Bofors Missiles and Ericsson to carry out the full-scale development of the Bamse system. The Bamse system has successfully completed a series of performance trials carried out by the Swedish Defence Forces, Forsvarets Materielverk (FMV, the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration) and the FOA Research Institute of the Swedish National Defence (FOA).
        博福斯(后来成为萨伯·博福斯)和爱立信(Ericsson)在1991年完成了计划确定阶段,在1992年开始工程技术开发计划。在1993年瑞典政府颁发一个合同,博福斯和爱立信依照合同进行全比例“巴姆斯”系统开发。瑞典国防军、瑞典国防装备管理局和瑞典国防研究院对“巴姆斯”系统进行一系列性能测试已经成功完成。

         In 2000, the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration awarded Saab a production contract for the system with deliveries starting in 2003.
        在2000年,瑞典国防装备管理局授予萨伯系统公司生产承包合同,同时交付从2003年开始。

BAMSE FIRING BATTERY
“巴姆斯”发射系统组

  The Missile Control Centres are towed to position by a cross-country vehicle

“巴姆斯” 越野车辆牵引导弹控制中心(MCC)

        The Bamse Firing Battery includes a Surveillance Co-ordination Centre and three Missile Control Centres. The Missile Control Centres are towed to position by a cross-country vehicle, which also carries a store of missiles for reloading. The system can be deployed and prepared for firing in less than ten minutes.
        “巴姆斯”发射系统组包括一个监视部署中心(SCC)和四个导弹控制中心(MCC)。导弹控制中心使用一辆越野车辆牵引放置,并且还使用越野车辆运送储备导弹用于再装填。系统能在小于10分钟时间内展开并且准备发射就绪。

SURVEILLANCE CONTROL CENTRE
监视控制中心

        The Surveillance Control Centre is installed in a truck-mounted 20ft standard container, which is armoured to provide protection against fragmentation and against nuclear, biological and chemical warfare environments.
        监视控制中心装备在一辆载重汽车上,安装在20英尺标准集装箱内,采用装甲保护措施,用于提供爆炸和核、生物以及化学战环境防护。

The Surveillance Control Centre is equipped with an Ericsson Giraffe AMB 3D surveillance radar

监视控制中心整装使用一部“长颈鹿”( Giraffe ) AMB 3D监视雷达

        The Surveillance Control Centre is equipped with an Ericsson Giraffe AMB 3D surveillance radar with a 12m-high mast and operating at C-band. The IFF transmit and receive units are mounted on the radar antenna.
        监视控制中心整装使用一部爱立信“长颈鹿”( Giraffe ) AMB 3D监视雷达,使用一个12米高的桅杆天线并且运行在C-波段。敌我识别(IFF)发射和接收单元安装在雷达天线上。

        The Surveillance Control Centre, operated by a crew of one or two, carries out real-time threat evaluation and combat co-ordination with target acquisition, identification, tracking and prioritisation. The Surveillance Control Centre automatically selects the optimum Missile Control Centre to engage the target and hands over the target data.
        由一名或二名人员操作的监视控制中心,传送实时威胁评估和战斗部署,包括目标捕获、辨识、目标跟踪和区分目标优先次序。监视控制中心自动地选择最优值,导弹控制中心从事于从头到尾瞄准和支配目标数据。

        One Surveillance Co-ordination Centre can co-ordinate up to four Missile Control Centres. The distance between the Surveillance Control Centre and the Missile Control Centres is typically 10km and between Missile Control Centres, 20km.
        一个监视部署中心能部署多达四套导弹控制中心。监视控制中心和导弹控制中心之间的典型距离10公里,并且导弹控制中心之间是20公里。

        Both the Missile Control Centre and the Surveillance Co-ordination Centre are equipped with embedded simulators allowing training and mission planning using a large library of simulation scenarios.
        导弹控制中心和监视部署中心两者都被安装植入的仿真器,允许训练和任务计划使用一个大型仿真情节数据库。
       
MISSILE CONTROL CENTRE
导弹控制中心

        The missile launcher with six ready-to-fire missiles is installed on the roof of the Missile Control Centre. The centre, which is fragment-protected and nuclear, biological and chemical warfare (NBC) protected, houses two computer stations and is operated by one or two crew.
        导弹发射装置和六枚发射就绪导弹安装在导弹控制中心的车顶。控制中心具有爆炸和核、生物及化学战争防护能力,放置二台计算机工作站,由一名或两名人员操作。

        The Missile Control Centres are linked by cable or by radio data communications to the Surveillance Control Centre. The radio data link has a maximum range of 15km. For the Swedish Armed Forces the BAMSE uses the TS 9000 tactical radio net.
        导弹控制中心通过电缆或无线电数据通信连接到监视控制中心。无线电数据连接指令最大范围15公里。对于瑞典武装部队“巴姆斯”使用TS 9000战术无线电网络。

        The Missile Control Centre initiates the target engagement sequence either autonomously or on receipt of a signal from the Surveillance Control Centre.
        导弹控制中心使用两种任一方式,自主式或收到从监视控制中心发来的一个信号来启动目标交战次序。

 The Missile Control Centre is equipped with a Eagle fire control radar

导弹控制中心(MCC)和“鹰”(Eagle)火控雷达

After firing the launcher is reloaded in under four minutes.
“巴姆斯”导弹再装填时间在四分钟之内

        The Missile Control Centre is equipped with a variant of the K-band 34GHz to 35GHz Eagle fire control radar developed by Ericsson, a suite of weather sensors, an information friend or foe interrogator and a thermal imager. The sensors are mounted on a mast that can be raised to 8m in height. The elevation arm of the mast is installed between the missile launch tubes to protect the radar against obstacles while the vehicle is in transit. The ability of the sensors to look over obstacles near the deployment site gives the Missile Control Centre improved capability to acquire and track low flying hostile targets. After firing the launcher is reloaded in under four minutes.
        导弹控制中心配备爱立信开发K-波段34 GHz-35 GHz“鹰”(Eagle)火控雷达的一个变型,由气象传感器、一个敌我信息问答机和一个热像仪组成的套件。传感器被安装在一个天线桅杆上能被升起到8米高度。天线桅杆升高臂安装在导弹发射管之间,在车辆运输中可以保护雷达防备障碍物。传感器有能力去探测雷达显示的目标接近部署位置情形,供给导弹控制中心来探测和追踪低空飞行敌方目标。在发射之后发射装置再装填时间在四分钟之内。导弹控制中心也用于进行威胁评估和交战计划编制。
       
MISSILE
“巴姆斯”导弹

        The radar command to line of sight (CLOS) missile uses solid propellant booster and sustainer rocket motors which give the missile high acceleration and high maintained velocity. The missile has a range of more than 15km and covers altitudes to 15,000m. The missile has high manoeuvrability, even at the outer range limit. The fragmentation and shaped charge warhead is equipped with a proximity fuse and an impact fuse.
        雷达指令到导弹瞄准线(CLOS),使用固体推进剂助推器和主发动机来提供导弹高加速度和高保持速度。导弹射程超过15公里并且高度覆盖范围达15,000米。导弹具有高度机动性,甚至在远离中心的射程极限。破片和聚能装药(shaped charge)弹头安装一个近发引信(proximity fuse)和一个碰炸引信(impact fuse)。
 


Key Data  
Missile length  2.6m 
Missile diameter  108mm 
Diameter booster motor  210mm 
Fin span  60cm 
Fuze  Proximity and impact fuze 
Guidance  Command-to-line-of-sight (CLOS) 
Warhead  Fragmentation and shaped charge 
Missile intercept range  Over 15km 
Altitude coverage  15,000m 
SCC RADAR  
Type  Ericsson Giraffe AMB 3D 
Frequency  C (G) - band 
Radar range  30km, 60km, 100km 
Altitude coverage  More than 20,000m 
Capacity  More than 100 targets simultaneously 
MCC Fire Control Radar  
Frequency in Ka band  34 to 35 GHz 
Radar range  30 km 
Deployment time for Missile Control Centre  Less than 10 minutes 
Deployment time for Bamse Missile Battery   Less than 15 minutes 

 

主要数据  
导弹长度和总重量 2.6m ,80kg
导弹直径 108mm 
助推器及发动机直径 210mm 
弹翼翼展 60cm 
引信 近发和碰炸引信
导引 指令到瞄准线(CLOS) 
战斗部  破片和聚能装药
导弹拦截距离及最高速度 超过15km ,Mach 3
高度覆盖范围 15,000m 
监视部署中心(SCC)雷达  
类型 爱立信“长颈鹿”AMB 3D 
频率 C (G)-波段 
雷达范围 30km,60km,100km 
高度覆盖范围 超过20,000m 
能力 超过100个目标,同时存在 
导弹控制中心(MCC)火控雷达  
频率Ka波段  34-35 GHz 
雷达范围 30 km 
导弹控制中心展开时间 少于10分钟
“巴姆斯”导弹组展开时间 少于15分钟

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      BAMSE RBS23 ALL-WEATHER AIR DEFENCE MISSILE, SWEDEN  
      瑞典“巴姆斯”RBS23全天候防空导弹
          The Saab Bofors Bamse all-weather, all-target air defence missile system is deployed to protect fixed and mobile assets and can be used against a range of threats including fixed and rotary wing aircraft, unmanned aircraft, stand-off missile... [2016-01-03]