LSD FOUDRE CLASS LANDING PLATFORM DOCK, FRANCE

法国海军“闪电”级船坞登陆舰

Date:2016-01-29 Source:naval-technology By:Globalmil Viewed:

Helicopter coming in to land on a Foudre Class Landing Platform Docks vessel
The French Navy operates two Foudre class landing platform dock ships, the Foudre (L9011) and the Siroco (L9012).

The French Navy operates two Foudre class landing platform dock ships, the Foudre (L9011) and the Siroco (L9012), which were commissioned in 1990 and 1998. The ships were built at the Brest Naval Dockyard of DCN. The ships are assigned to the Force d'Action Navale based at the Toulon Mediterranean Command.
法国海军目前拥有二艘大型“闪电”(Foudre)级船坞登陆舰(LSD),第一艘“闪电”(Foudre)号,舷号L9011,在1990年正式服役;第二艘“热风”(Siroco)号,舷号L9012,在1998年正式服役。两艘“闪电”级全部在位于布雷思特(Brest)法国舰艇建造局(DCN)海军造船厂建造,分配到法国战斗海军土伦(Toulon)基地地中海司令部。

The Foudre class is capable of landing and supporting a mechanised armoured regiment of the French rapid deployment force. The three main missions of the Foudre class are the landing of infantry and armoured vehicles on unprepared coasts, mobile logistic support for naval forces and humanitarian missions.
“闪电”级用于装甲部队登陆和支援使法国海军能够迅速部署一支军事力量。“闪电”级的三个主要任务是在无准备的海岸上用于步兵和装甲车辆登陆、用于海军军事力量和人道主义任务的机动后勤支援。

DESIGN
设计

The Foudre class has a 13,000m³ well dock which can be used as a floating dock or to carry land vehicles. The well dock can accommodate either ten medium-size landing craft (LCMs) or one mechanised landing craft (LSM) and four medium-sized landing craft (LCMs). Mobile decks can be used to provide vehicle parking space or for landing operations. The cargo lift has a 52t capacity. The 12m crane is rated to carry 37t of cargo.
“闪电”级拥有容积达到13,000立方米的船坞,能被当作一个浮动船坞使用或携带登陆车辆。船坞也能容纳十艘中型登陆艇(LCM),或者也能容纳一艘机械化登陆艇(LSM)和四艘中型登陆艇(LCM)。可移动甲板用于提供车辆停车位或舰载直升飞机着舰操作。安装一个船货升降机,升力高达52吨;另外一台12米起重机额定吊运能力37吨。

Ship entering the well dock of LSD Foudre Class Landing Platform Docks vessel
The well deck can be used as a floating dock.

Military vehicle entering a LSD Foudre Class vessel
The capabilities of the Foudre Class LSD include carrying tanks, vehicles and stores.

The ship's complement is 210 crew with 13 officers. The ship can also accommodate 467 passengers or troops. With 700 crew and passengers, the ship has an endurance of 30 days. In times of crisis the ship can accommodate up to 1,600 people.
“闪电”级编制人数是210名船员连同13名军官,持久力30天。能够搭载容纳467位乘客或军人,或者用于搭载700名乘客,在危机时期能够容纳人数可以达到1,600名。

To meet military and humanitarian requirements, Foudre class ships provide hospital facilities for large-scale medical and evacuation missions, including two fully equipped operating theatres and 47 beds.
为了符合军事行动和人道主义行动需求,“闪电”级提供面积500平方米的医院舱室,包括二个完全装备的手术室和47个床位,用于大规模的医疗和撤退任务。

Hospital facilities aboard a LSD Foudre Class vessel
Foudre Class vessels offer hospital facilities for large-scale medical and evacuation missions.

HELICOPTERS
直升飞机

The ship, which has a 1,450m² flight deck, can accommodate up to seven Super Puma helicopters. There are three helicopter landing spots, two on the flight deck and one on the 400m² deck well rolling cover. The flight deck is equipped with a Samahe haul down system. The helicopter hangar has capacity for two Super Frelon helicopters or up to four Super Puma helicopters.
“闪电”级有一个1,450平方米的飞行甲板,能容纳达到七架超级“美洲狮”直升飞机。 有三个直升飞机着舰点,二个在飞行甲板和一个在400平方米的可伸缩船坞盖甲板上。飞行甲板安装Samahe拉降系统。直升飞机机库用于容纳二架超级Frelon直升飞机或四架超级“美洲狮”直升飞机。

The Foudre class provides full flight-deck support for the simultaneous deployment, including day and night refuelling, of four 9t helicopters.
“闪电”级飞行甲板提供完全的支援能力给同时的配置的四架9吨直升飞机,包括昼夜补给燃料。

Foudre Class landing platform dock in use
The Foudre Class landing platform dock offers a flexible and modular platform.

COMMAND SYSTEMS
指挥系统

The Foudre class ships are equipped with DCN's SENIT 8 combat data system and an OPSMER command support system. The ship's communication suite is integrated with the Syracuse satellite communications system.
“闪电”级安装法国舰艇建造局(DCN)的“西尼特”(SENIT)-8战斗数据系统和一套OPSMER命令支援系统。装备的通信套件与锡拉库斯(Syracuse)卫星通信系统整合。

MISTRAL MISSILES
西北风(Mistral)防空导弹

The ship is armed with two Simbad twin missile launchers, supplied by MBDA (formerly Matra BAe Dynamics), for the Mistral surface-to-air missile. Mistral provides short-range air defence against aircraft and anti-ship missiles. The range is from 0.5 to 5km. Mistral has a 3kg warhead and a speed of 2.6 Mach. The passive infrared homing was developed by SAGEM based in Paris.
“闪电”级安装二套Simbad双联导弹发射装置,由欧洲导弹设计局提供,用于发射“西北风”近程防空导弹。“西北风”防空导弹提供近程防空能力,可防御飞机和反舰导弹,射程0.5-5 公里。“西北风”有一个3公斤弹头,飞行速度2.6马赫。采用的先进被动红外自导引头由萨吉姆(Sagem)公司提供。

30MM GUNS
30毫米舰炮

The ships are armed with three Oto Melara/Mauser 30mm/70 calibre guns capable of firing 6kg shells at a firing rate of 800 rounds per minute.The guns are integrated with two VIGY 105 optronic weapon control systems supplied by Sagem, which include thermal imager, TV camera and laser rangefinder.
“闪电”级装备三门Oto Melara/毛瑟 30毫米/70倍口径舰炮,能够以800发/每分钟的射速发射6公斤炮弹。舰炮与二套由萨吉姆公司提供的VIGY 105光电武器控制系统整合,包括热像仪、电视摄像机和激光测距仪。

COUNTERMEASURES
对抗措施

The ships are fitted with the ARBB 36 Salamandre B2 multi-threat jammer from Thales (formerlyThomson-CSF) Detexis which locates, classifies and evaluates threats.
“闪电”级装备来自泰利斯Detexis公司的ARBB 36 Salamandre B2多威胁干扰机,定位、分类并且评估威胁。

RADAR SUITE
雷达组件

The ship's radar suite consists of the Thales DRBV 21 A Mars air and surface search radar operating at D band, Thales Defence Model 2459 surface search radar operating at D band, and two Thales Defence I band RM 1229 navigation radars.
“闪电”级的雷达组件包括泰利斯DRBV 21 A“火星”(Mars)空中和表面搜索雷达,在D-波段操作;泰利斯防卫公司2459型表面搜索雷达,在D-波段操作;两套泰利斯防卫公司RM 1229导航雷达,在I-波段操作。

PROPULSION SYSTEM
推进系统

The ship's propulsion system is based on two 16 PC2.5V 400 diesel engines supplied by SEMT-Pielstick. The diesels, rated at 15.3MW sustained power, drive two shafts with controllable pitch propellers. The bow thruster is rated at 735kW. The propulsion system provides a maximum speed of 21 knots. At an economical speed of 15 knots the range is 11,000 miles.
“闪电”级推进系统使用二台16 PC2.5 V 400柴油发动机,由SEMT-Pielstick公司提供。额定功率15.3 MW,双轴驱动两具可调螺距螺旋浆;船首侧推装置额定功率735 kW。推进系统提供最大航速21节;巡航速度15节时航程11,000英里。

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      LSD FOUDRE CLASS LANDING PLATFORM DOCK, FRANCE  
      法国海军“闪电”级船坞登陆舰
          The French Navy operates two Foudre class landing platform dock ships, the Foudre (L9011) and the Siroco (L9012), which were commissioned in 1990 and 1998.... [2016-01-29]