Eilat Class Saar 5 multi-mission corvettes

以色列埃特拉级Saar 5型多任务轻护卫舰

Date:2016-01-29 Source:israeli-weapons By:Globalmil Viewed:

In the early 1980s, the Israeli Navy awarded a contract to Northrop Grumman Ship Systems (formerly Litton Ingalls Shipbuilding) to supply three Sa'ar 5 (Saar) Class corvettes for the Israeli Navy. The first of class, INS Eilat, was launched in February 1993, followed by INS Lahav in August 1993 and INS Hanit in March 1994.
早在1980年,以色列海军颁发一个合同给诺斯罗普·格鲁门(Northrop Grumman)船舶系统 (以前的Litton Ingalls造船业)公司,为以色列海军提供三艘埃拉特级Saar 5型多任务轻护卫舰(Eilat Class Saar 5 multi-mission corvettes)。第一艘,INS Eilat,在1993 年2月下水,后继两艘分别在1993年8月INS Lahav 和在1994年3月INS Hanit完工下水。
 
Command and Control
指挥和控制
 
The Unified Combat System is integrated by IAI (Israel Aircraft Industries) MBT division, with Elbit (combat data systems) and Tadiran (communications systems) as major subcontractors. The ship's combat system provides multiple offensive and defensive capabilities. Target, weapon status, and threat evaluation information is available to all fire control and launcher systems via the ship's data bus.
统一标准的战斗系统被IAI(以色列航空器工业) MBT部负责,由Elbit(战斗数据系统) 和 Tadiran( 通信系统) 当做主要的分包人。舰载战斗系统提供多重进攻和防御能力。目标,武器状态和有用的威胁评估信息通过舰载数据总线到所有的射击控制和发射系统。

El-Op's MSIS electro-optic surveillance and fire control system is fitted on the Eilat, which contains an  8 12 micron thermal imager, TV camera and laser rangefinder. 
El- Op's MSIS 光电(electro-optic)侦测和射击控制系统安装在Eilat上,含有8 12 微米热象仪,电视照相机和激光测距仪。
 
Missiles
导弹


Weaponry includes 130km-range Harpoon missiles.
武器包括 130 km- 射程鱼叉导弹。
 
Barak 
巴拉克(Barak)防空导弹
 
The ship's anti-air capability is based on the Barak missile system developed by IAI and Rafael. Two 32-cell vertical launch systems are installed on the raised gun deck at the bow of the ship. The range of the Barak missile is 10km and it is armed with a 22kg warhead. It also has an anti-surface target capability. 
埃拉特级的防空能力是建立在IAI和以色列拉菲尔武器发展局(Rafael)发展的巴拉克(Barak)导弹系统基础上。二套32-单元垂直发射系统被安装在船的艏舷的凸起的舰炮甲板上。巴拉克导弹的射程是10 km,而且它装备有一个22 kg 弹头。还具有反-水面目标(anti-surface target)能力。

Harpoons
鱼叉反舰导弹
 
The ship has two four-cell Boeing Harpoon missile launchers. The Harpoon surface-to-surface missile has a range of up to 130km. The speed is high subsonic and the warhead weighs 227kg. 
埃拉特级装载四单元波音鱼叉导弹发射装置。鱼叉舰对舰导弹射程最大达130 km。高亚音速和弹头重量227 kg。
 
The Harpoon is a subsonic, sea skimming guided missile utilizing active radar guidance. Warhead design and low-level sea-skimming cruise trajectory assure high survivability and effectiveness. The missile is capable of striking surface targets at a maximum range of 130 kilometers (60 nautical mites). Harpoons are deployed on Israeli Navy surface ships and submarines. Ships are usually equipped with two batteries of four container/launchers each. 
鱼叉是亚音速,掠海攻击制导导弹利用有效的雷达引导。弹头设计和低水平面掠海巡航轨迹保证高生存性和有效性。导弹能够有效攻击在130公里的最大范围内显著的水面目标(60 nautical mites)。美制鱼叉反舰导弹广泛在以色列海军水面舰船和潜艇上配置。舰艇通常整装二套每套四枚集装箱体式/ 发射装置。

The 4.57 meters long missile weighs 520kg, (628kg before launch) and is powered by a Teledyne Turbojet generating 660 pounds of thrust. Upon launch, the missile is boosted to cruise speed by a solid propellant booster. In mid course the missile flight is controlled by an altimeter and inertial guidance system. At a preplanned point, the missile's radar is activated and searches for the target. When the target is detected, the missile uses its own radar for guidance terminal homing. With a high impact velocity the missile's blast fragmentation charge uses delayed action to penetrate the target's hull and inflict maximum damage.
4.57米长的导弹重量520 kg(在开始发射前 628 kg),而且由一个Teledyne涡轮喷气发动机产生 660 磅推力。在开始,导弹被一个固体推进剂助推器推进到巡航速度。在中段进程中,导弹飞行被一个高度计和惯性引导系统控制。在一个被预先计划的点,导弹的雷达被启动并且寻找目标。当目标被发现的时候,导弹使用它自己的雷达用于引导未端自导引。用高冲击速度导弹的爆炸碎片装料使用延迟作用穿透目标的船体而且造成最大的损伤。


Gabriel 
加百利(Gabriel)II导弹
 
The ship's short to medium-range anti-ship missile is the IAI Gabriel II. There are eight launchers for the Gabriel II missile which uses dual mode semi-active and active radar homing with a 100 kg warhead. The range is from 6 to 36km and missile velocity is 0.6 Mach. Gabriel
舰载近距到中距-范围反舰导弹是IAI Gabriel II。有八套发射装置用于加百利(Gabriel)II导弹,使用双模式半主动(semi-active)和主动雷达自导引,装备一个100 kg弹头。射程从6km到36km而且导弹速度0.6 Mach。

 
Guns
舰炮
 
The Phalanx Mk 15 close-in weapon system which can fire 3,000 rounds/min. 
密集阵Mk 15近战武器系统能射击3,000 发/分钟。
 
The ship is equipped either a Raytheon/ General Dynamics Mk 15 Phalanx close-in weapon system (CIWS) or OTOBreda 76mm gun. Phalanx has a 20mm gun which can fire at 3,000 rounds/min and Ku-band search and tracking radar. Range is 1.5km.
埃拉特级装备任一的一个Raytheon/ General Dynamics Mk 15 密集阵近战武器系统 (CIWS) 或 OTOBreda 76 mm 舰炮。密集阵有一个20mm舰炮能射击达到 3,000发/ 分钟和 Ku-波段搜寻和跟踪雷达。射程是1.5 km。

 
Torpedoes
鱼雷
 
The ship is fitted with six 324mm Mark 32 torpedo tubes for Alliant Techsystems Mark 46 torpedoes which have active and passive homing. They are armed with a 44kg warhead and range is 24km. The launch tubes are mounted in the superstructure about halfway along the length of the ship.
埃拉特级配有用六具324 mm Mark 32 鱼雷管用于Alliant Techsystems Mark 46 鱼雷,具有主动和被动导航。装备有一个44 kg 弹头,而且攻击范围24 km。发射管安装在上部构造中位于中部位置沿着船的长度方向。

 
Helicopter
直升飞机
 
The blue-gray Atalef (bat) helicopter attached to the Sa'ar 5 missile boat, The Atalef operates off of Israeli Navy Sa'ar-5 missile boats and carries out a range of operations, including rescue, reconnaissance and targeting. 
蓝灰色Atalef(bat)直升飞机配备到Saar 5轻型多功能护卫舰,Atalef 起飞离开以色列海军Saar-5 导弹艇并且能到达外面一定范围操作,包括援救,搜索和(引导武器)瞄准。
 
 
US Navy Kaman SH-2Fs can be accomodated by the Eilat Class Sa'ar 5 corvettes.
美国海军 Kaman SH-2 Fs 能被 Eilat 等级 Sa'ar 5轻护卫舰容纳。

 
Airborne anti-submarine warfare capability is provided by the ship's helicopter. The ship's helicopter hangar can accommodate an H-665A Dalphin, Kaman SH-2F or Sikorsky S-76N helicopter.
空中的反潜艇的战斗能力是由舰载直升飞机提供。埃拉特级的直升飞机机库能适应 H-665A Dalphin,Kaman SH-2 F 或 Sikorsky S-76 N 直升飞机。

Dolphin 
海豚直升飞机
 
A maritime reconnaissance helicopter that served in the IAF for a decade, and was recently replaced by the more advanced 'Atalef' SA-565. The 'Dolphin' helicopters were deployed from the Israeli Navy's 'Sa'ar' ships, and carried out routine security missions as well. The Dolphins were purchased from the Israeli Navy's budget, but responsibility for them was shared.The helicopters were the IAF's responsibility as long as they were airborne, and the Navy's when aboard a ship.
这种海上侦察直升飞机在以色列空军(IAF)中服役达十年之久,并且最近被更先进 “Atalef” SA-565代替。海豚直升飞机配置从以色列海军的Saar 军舰上,而且也实行常规安全性任务。海豚从以色列海军的预算被购买,但是对他们的责任被共享。当他们是空运的时候直升飞机将完成以色列空军(IAF)的职责,当搭载到一艘舰艇上,将被海军使用。

Atalef (Panther) 
Atalef(黑豹)直升飞机
 
A sea helicopter that entered service in 1996. The Atalef operates off of Israeli Navy Sa'ar-5 missile boats and carries out a range of operations, including rescue, reconnaissance and targeting. It replaced the IAF's previous sea helicopter, the Dolphin. The crew complement is made up of a pilot, a copilot and a sea scout from the Navy. On some missions, these are joined by a flight mechanic.
一种在1996年进入了服役的海上直升飞机。Atalef直升飞机搭载在色列海军 Saar-5 轻型多功能护卫舰上,起飞离开军舰外出进行多种操作,包括援救,侦察和瞄准。它代替了以色列空军(IAF)的早先的海上直升飞机,海豚。全体人员编制人数是定好的由一名飞行员,一个副驾驶员和一个海上侦察员组成来自海军。在一些任务上,一名机修人员参加机组。
 
Countermeasures
对策
 
Countermeasures include the AN/SLQ-25 Nixie towed torpedo decoy system by Aerojet ElectroSystems, which seduces approaching torpedoes away from the ship. The Sa'ar 5 corvettes' radar warning receiver Elisra NS-9003/9005 is also installed on the Israeli Navy Sa'ar 4 and Sa'ar 4.5 patrol craft. Three Elbit Deseaver stabilised chaff rocket launchers are mounted on the forward and aft towers.
对策包括AN/SLQ-25 Nixie 拖曳鱼雷诱骗系统通过Aerojet ElectroSystems,诱使接近鱼雷远离舰艇。Saar 5轻护卫舰的雷达告警接收机Elisra NS-9003/9005 也被安装在以色列海军Saar 4和Saar 4.5巡逻舰艇上。三具 Elbit Deseaver 箔条火箭发射装置被安装在前面和后面的塔(舰艇上层建筑)上。
 
Sensors
传感器
 
The air search radar antenna is installed on the aft tower. The Elta EL/M-2218S air search radar operates in E/F bands. The 2D/3D radar antenna, the fire control director and the I-band navigation radar antenna are installed on the forward tower. The fire control radar is the I/J/K-band EL/M-2221 GM STGR from Elta. 
对空搜索雷达天线被安装通在船尾塔上。Elta EL/ M-2218 S 防空雷达工作在E/F波段。2D/3D雷达天线,射击控制指挥装置和I- 波段导航雷达天线安装在前面塔上。火控雷达工作在I/J/K-波段EL/ M-2221 GM STGR来自Elta。
 
The Sa'ar is equipped with Type 796 hull-mounted search-and-attack sonar, which operates at medium frequency and is supplied by EDO of New York. The ship's towed sonar array is supplied by Rafael.
Saar装备使用类型 796 船体安装搜寻-和-攻击声纳,在中频操作并且被位于美国纽约的 EDO供给。舰载拖曳声纳阵列被以色列拉菲尔武器发展局(Rafael)供给。
 
Propulsion
推进
 
The ship's propulsion system is in a CODOG combined diesel or gas configuration. The two MTU 12V 1163 TB82 diesel engines are rated at 6,600hp. The GE LM 2500 gas turbine system is cross-connected and provides 30,000hp. The propulsion system drives two shafts. The propulsion system provides a maximum speed of 33 knots. The cruise speed on the diesel engines is 20 knots and the endurance is 4,000 nautical miles. A large twin rudder provides manoeuvrability at high speed and controllable reversible pitch (CRP) propellers at low speed. 
船舶推进系统是在 CODOG 组合的柴油或燃气配置中。二台MTU 12 V 1163 TB82 柴油机发动机额定在6,600 hp(马力)。GE LM 2500燃气涡轮系统被交叉连接并且提供30,000 hp。推进系统双轴驱动器。推进系统提供 33节的最高航速。使用柴油机发动机巡航速度20节,而且续航能力达 4,000个海里。高航速时一个巨大的双方向舵供给可操纵性和低航速时可控制的可逆倾斜(controllable reversible pitch CRP) 螺旋推进器。
 
Crew全体人员 61 crew (25 officers and 36 enlisted men)
and 10 aircrew 
61名(25名军官36 操作人员10名舰载机组人员)
Dimensions(尺寸)  
Length长度  85.64 metres 
Length between perpendiculars(垂线间高) 76.60 metres 
Maximum beam width on water line (吃水线上最大船宽) 10.39 metres 
Maximum beam (最大船宽) 11.88 metres 
Draft (吃水,船体在水面以下的垂直深度) 3.17 metres 
Standard displacement (标准排水量) 1,227 metric tons 
Performance性能  
Maximum speed (最高航速) 33 knots 
Cruise speed on diesel motors (柴油机发动机巡航航速) over 20 knots 
Endurance (续航力) 4,000 nautical miles
Stores on board (船上贮备) 24 days 
CODOG Propulsion推进力 Two MTU cruise diesel engines 两台柴油机发动机
  LM 2500 gas turbine cross connected 燃气涡轮交叉连接
  Two controllable pitch propellers 可操纵节距螺旋推进器
Missiles导弹  
Surface-to-surface (舰对舰) 8 Harpoon and 8 Gabriel
Surface-to-air (舰对空) 2 vertical launch Barak launchers 2套垂直发射
Gun (舰炮) one OTOBreda 76 mm gun or Mk 15 Phalanx CIWS 
Torpedoes (鱼雷) 6 x 32 cell Mk 32 launchers for Mk 46 torpedoes 
Systems系统  
Air search radar(对空搜索雷达)  Elta EL/M-2218S 
Fire control radar (火控雷达) Elta EL/M-2221
Sonar (声纳) Type 796 hull-mounted sonar Rafael towed sonar array 
Decoys (诱骗器) Deseaver decoy system AN/SLQ-25 Nixie towed decoy< 
ESM  Elisra NS-9003A/9005 
  Rafael jammer 
Combat data system (作战数据系统) Elbit NTCCS
Electro-optic system(光电系统)  El-Op MSIS 
Helicopter(直升飞机) Aerospatiale H-665A Dauphin 
 

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      Eilat Class Saar 5 multi-mission corvettes  
      以色列埃特拉级Saar 5型多任务轻护卫舰
          In the early 1980s, the Israeli Navy awarded a contract to Northrop Grumman Ship Systems (formerly Litton Ingalls Shipbuilding) to supply three Sa'ar 5 (Saar) Class corvettes for the Israeli Navy.... [2016-01-29]