China’s second aircraft carrier begins sea trials

简氏:中国的第二艘航母开始试航

Date:2018-05-19 Source:Janes By:Globalmil Viewed:

Andrew Tate, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly
14 May 2018
安德鲁·泰特,伦敦 - IHS简氏防务周刊
2018年5月14日
 
China’s second aircraft carrier sailed from the Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (DSIC) shipyard on 13 May to commence initial sea trials, according to Chinese state media, a move which comes just one year and two weeks after the ship was launched.
据中国官方媒体报道,中国的第二艘航空母舰于5月13日从大连造船工业公司(DSIC)造船厂驶出,开始初步试航,仅在该船下水一年零两周后就达到这个进展。
 

China's first locally built aircraft carrier began sea trials on 13 May. (AFP/Getty Images)
中国第一艘本国建造的航空母舰于5月13日开始试航。(法新社/盖蒂图片社)
 
The ship, which has yet to be given a pennant number and name, is the first aircraft carrier to be wholly constructed in China and has been built to the same basic design as China’s first carrier, Liaoning , which was laid down as the Soviet Navy’s Kuznetsov-class carrier, Varyag .
这艘尚未获得弦号和命名的舰只是中国第一艘完全在中国建造的航母,其建造方式与中国的第一艘航母辽宁号的设计基本相同,后者被称为苏联海军库兹涅佐夫级航空母舰,瓦良格号。
 
The ship is configured for short take-off but arrested recovery (STOBAR) aircraft operations using a ski-jump, and will operate the J-15 (‘Flanker’ derivative) fixed-wing aircraft built by the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation.
该舰配置为短距起飞、正常降落式(STOBAR)飞机操作采用一个滑跃甲板,并将操作由沈阳飞机公司制造的J-15('侧卫'衍生型)固定翼飞机。
 
All of the equipment on board the new carrier is likely to have been manufactured in China and the construction of such a large and complex warship is a significant milestone not only for China's People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), but also for the country's shipbuilding industry.
新航空母舰上的所有设备很可能都是在中国制造的,而这样庞大而复杂的军舰的建造不仅是中国人民解放军海军(PLAN)的重​​要里程碑,也是中国造船业的重要里程碑。
 
A number of external changes are evident in the new carrier, most obviously around the island structure. The ship’s Type 346 phased-array radar, which is similar to the upgraded version fitted onto the latest PLAN destroyers, has had its array panels repositioned higher and at the corners of the superstructure. A second bridge-type arrangement has been added one deck above the first and the island structure is slightly shorter than that on Liaoning .
新航空母舰的许多外部变化是显而易见的,最明显的是在舰岛结构周围。该舰的346型相控阵雷达类似于装备在最新型中国海军(PLAN)驱逐舰上的升级版本,其雷达阵列面板位置更高,并位于上层建筑的角上。第二层桥式布置在第一层上增加了一个甲板,舰岛结构比辽宁略短。
 
It is likely that significant improvements have also been made internally, and photographs show that the four air weapon hoists that emerge between the forward blast deflectors on Liaoning ’s flight deck have been replaced on the new carrier with a single larger hoist.
很可能在内部也有了显著的改进,照片显示,在辽宁号飞行甲板上前部的尾焰偏转板之间出现的四个对空武器升降机在新的航母上被替换为一个单独较大的升降机。

参考资料:我国第二艘航母首次出海试验-主要检测验证动力系统等设备的可靠性和稳定性 来源:现代快报网

5月13日,我国第二艘航母从大连造船厂码头启航,赴相关海域执行海上试验任务,主要检测验证动力系统等设备的可靠性和稳定性。据了解,自去年4月26日下水以来,第二艘航母建造工作按照计划稳步推进,完成了系统设备调试、舾装施工和相关系泊试验,具备了出海试验的技术条件。

我国首艘国产航母,也是我国的第二艘航母,于2017年4月26日下水,专家表示,相比辽宁舰,首艘国产航母从设计到建造,全部由我国自主完成,并在辽宁舰使用的经验基础上进行了多项优化,性能将有全面提升。其研制和建造,标志着我国已经掌握了建造中型航母,以及后续更大型航母的能力。

我国首艘国产航母研制涉及532家配套单位。而这532家单位里,非军工的社会配套单位达到了412家。胡问鸣表示,如果按照412家除以532来算的话,应该是达到了77.4%。


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