Zhi-9C/D Naval Helicopter

中国直-9C/D海军型直升飞机

Date:2010-01-17 Source:internet By:globalmil Viewed:

The Zhi-9C (Z-9C) is the naval helicopter developed by the Harbin Aircraft Manufacture Co. (HAMC) for shipborne anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and search and rescue (SAR) missions. The helicopter resembles the naval variant of the French Eurocopter AS 565 Panther, of which a small number is also operational with the PLA Navy, but the two helicopters have no direct link. The Z-9C was based on the airframe of the HAMC Z-9B (AS 365N Dauphin II copy), added with surface search radar and landing assistance system.

直-9C(Z-9C)是哈尔滨飞机制造公司(HAMC)发展的海军型直升飞机,用于舰载反潜战(ASW)和搜寻与援救(SAR)任务。直升飞机类似欧洲直升机法国公司的海军型AS 565“美洲豹”,少量也被PLA海军操作,但是二种直升飞机没有直接关联性。Z-9C以HAMC Z-9B(AS 365N“海豚” II 仿造型)的机身为基础,增加水面搜索雷达和着舰辅助系统。

HMAC began to develop a naval variant of its Z-9 helicopter in the mid-1980s. The first flight of the helicopter took place on 2 December 1987. However, the early naval variant Z-9 was not fitted with any ASW equipment, and could only be used for training and transport roles. As a result, the PLA Navy had to rely on the French-made AS 565 Panther for shipborne ASW and SAR missions. A further improved variant fitted with an indigenous KLC-1 surface search radar and a ASW suite was introduced in the late 1990s. This variant joined the PLA Navy service under the designation Z-9C.

HMAC在1980年中期开始发展它的Z-9直升飞机的一种海军改型。直升飞机的首次飞行在1987年12月2日进行。然而,早期海军型Z-9没有安装任何的ASW装备,只作为训练和运送角色。结果,PLA海军必须为舰载ASW和SAR任务依靠法国制造的AS 565“美洲豹”型。一种进一步改进型安装使用了本国KLC-1水面搜索雷达,并且一套ASW组件在1990年后期被引进。这一种改型指定为Z-9C加入PLA海军服役。

The Z-9C was designed for both ASW role, equipped with dipping sonar, sonar buoys, magnetic anomaly detector (MAD), and two external weapon pylons to carry 1~2 ET52 (A244/S copy) anti-submarine torpedoes. A second mission for the Z-9C is target detection and data relay. The helicopter could use its KLC-1 surface search radar to locate enemy surface vessels at ‘over-the-horizon’ distance, and transmit the target information to the YJ-83 anti-ship missile during its midcourse flight using the datalink antenna installed on the helicopter’s cockpit roof. Some Z-9Cs are configured for SAR missions with a hoist, FLIR unit, and searchlight.

Z-9C被设计用于ASW的两方面任务,装备投吊式声纳、声纳浮标、磁异常探测器(MAD)和二个外部武器挂架去携带1~2枚ET52(A244/S仿造型)反潜鱼雷。Z-9C第二任务是目标探测和数据中继。直升飞机能使用它的KLC-1水面搜索雷达在‘超视距’距离去定位敌方水面舰艇,并且在YJ-83反舰导弹中段飞行期间,使用在驾驶员座舱顶上安装数据链天线传输目标信息到导弹上。一些Z-9C为SAR任务配置使用一个起升机、前视红外(FLIR)单元和探照灯。

A recent Internet-source photo revealed that the HAMC is currently developing an improved variant of the Z-9C designated Z-9D. The helicopter can carry two TL-10 anti-ship missiles developed by Hongdu Aviation Industry Group.

一张最近的英特网-来源相片显示HAMC现在正在发展被指定为Z-9D的一种Z-9C改进型。直升飞机能携带二枚由洪都(Hongdu)航空工业集团发展的TL-10反舰导弹。

Design

The Z-9C is generally identical to the Z-9B / SA 365 N2 Dauphin-II. The helicopter has a four-blade main rotor, with two turboshaft engines mounted side by side on top of the cabin with an air intake on side of motor hump and exhausts at the rear of the hump. The teardrop-shaped body features a tapered boom to the tail fin, a rounded nose and stepped-up cockpit. The nose of the Z-9C is slightly stretched to accommodate the surface search radar antenna. A pair of weapon pylon for carrying torpedoes are attached to the lower part of the fuselage.

设计

Z-9C大体上与Z-9B/SA 365 N2 Dauphin-II相同。直升飞机有一个四浆叶主旋翼,在机舱顶部两侧并排安装二台涡轴发动机,排气口在背隆发动机舱的侧面和排气口在背隆舱的后面。水滴形特征机身一个渐缩尾梁到尾翼,一个圆形前鼻和阶梯形驾驶员座舱。Z-9C的前鼻子轻微地延伸去容纳水面搜索雷达天线。一对武器挂架用于携带鱼雷被附装到机身下部。

The tail flats feature swept-back tips forward of the swept-back and tapered fin with a blunt tip. Like the Z-9B, the Z-9C also features a modified 11-blade Fenestron faired-in tail rotor with wider-chord, all-composite blades instead of 13 all-metal blades as in AS 365N1.

尾平翼特征是顶端有一个上端后掠的垂直安定翼和锥形尾垂翼具有一个钝形顶端。如同Z-9B,Z-9C也具有的特征是一个改进11浆叶涵道减阻内置尾螺旋浆,采用宽弦全复合浆叶而不是像AD 365N1型一样的13片全-金属浆叶。

The helicopter has hydraulically-operated retractable tricycle type landing gear. The nose unit is twin-wheeled and retracts rearward. The main units are single-wheeled and retract into wheel troughs in the fuselage. All three units of the land gear are equipped with oleopneumatic shock absorbers. Some Z-9Cs are equipped with a landing assistance system.

直升飞机采用液压-操作可收放前三点轮式起落架。前鼻下单元双轮并且向后收起。主单元是单轮并收起到机身下轮槽中。所有三个单元起落架装备双腔油气减器。一些Z-9C装备一套着舰辅助系统。

Cockpit Systems

The helicopter can be fitted with a BG-06 radio altimeter, Type 150 single-sideband radio, and KJ-13 autopilot, and can choose the KDF-806 radio compass, KTR-908 radio, and TB-31 intercom as optional.

驾驶员座舱系统

直升飞机能配备一部BG-06型无线电测高计、150型单波段无线电和KJ-13型自动驾驶仪,并能选择KDF-806型无线电罗盘、KTR-908型无线电和TB-31对讲机等可选项。

Mission Equipments

The Z-9C carries an indigenous KLC-1 surface search radar developed by the Nanjing Electronic Research institute (14 Institute). The X-band radar was designed to search and track surface vessels, with a  maximum detection range of 92km against fishing boat-sized targets and 118km against small- to medium-sized surface vessel.

任务设备

Z-9C携带一部国产由南京电子研究所(14所)发展的KLC-1水面搜索雷达。X-波段雷达设计用于搜索和追踪水面舰艇,最大探测距离以捕鱼船尺寸目标为标准是92公里和以小型到中型尺寸水面舰艇为标准是118公里。

ASW equipments onboard the Z-9C include a Type 605 (Chinese copy of the U.S. AN/AQS-13) dipping sonar, a box of 12 passive sonobuoys, four active sonobuoys, a temperature buoy and a maritime environment buoy. The helicopter is equipped with a radio receiver, allowing it to receive the signal of sonobuoys at 10km range when flying at 120km/h speed.

Z-9C机载ASW装备包括605型(中国仿造美国AN/AQS-13型)投吊式声纳,12具被动声纳浮标,4具主动声纳浮标,1具海水温度浮标和1具海洋环境浮标。直升飞机装备一部无线电接收器,允许它在10公里范围以120公里/小时速度飞行时接收声纳浮标信号。

For search and rescue missions, the helicopter can be fitted with a 250kg-capacity hoist with winch and scoop fitted externally above the starboard side cabin door, an FLIR unit and a searchlight.

用于搜索和援救任务,直升飞机能配备一个250公斤能力的起升机,而且吊具安装在右舷舱门上面外部,一个前视红外仪(FLIR)单元和一个探照灯。

Weapons

The Z-9C is fitted with a pair of external pylon to carry 1~2 Chinese indigenous ET52 anti-submarine torpedoes. The ET52 was a Chinese copy of the Italian Whitehead A244/S, using active/passive acoustic homing to a maximum range of 9.5km.

武器

Z-9C配备有一对外部挂架携带1~2枚国产ET52型反潜鱼雷。ET52是中国仿造意大利Whitehead A244/S型,采用主动/被动音响引导最大射程9.5公里。

The latest Z-9D can carry two Hongdu TL-10 lightweight anti-ship missiles under its weapon pylons. The missile uses active-radar homing and has a maximum range of 15km. The warhead is 30kg and flying speed is Mach 0.85.

最新的Z-9D在武器挂架下能携带二枚Hongdu TL-10轻型反舰导弹。导弹采用主动-雷达制导并且最大射程15公里。弹头30公斤和飞行速度0.85马赫。

Engines

The Z-9C is powered by two 550kW (739hp) Turbomeca Arriel-IC1 turboshafts, which are produced by SAEC at Zhuzhou as Wozhou-8A (WZ-8A). The fuel capacity is 1,140 litre, with option for a 400 litre ferry tank.

发动机

Z-9C使用二台550千瓦(739马力)透博梅卡公司Arriel- IC1涡轴发动机,由位于株洲(Zhuzhou)的SAEC生产称为涡轴-8A(WZ-8A)。燃料能力1,140升,连同一个400公升油囊选项。

Last update: 3 January 2009
最后更新:2009年1月3日

    pre[上一篇]:Zhi-10 Attack Helicopter   next[下一篇]:Zhi-9W Attack Helicopter

      Changhe Z-18  
      中国昌河Z-18型直升机
          The Changhe Z-18 is a medium transport helicopter developed by Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation (CAIC) to replace the Z-8.... [2017-07-09]
      Harbin Z-20  
      中国哈尔滨Z-20型中型直升机
          The Harbin Z-20 or Zhi-20 is a medium lift helicopter produced in the Northeast of China.... [2017-07-09]
      Harbin Z-19E makes maiden flight targeting export market  
      哈尔滨Z-19E型武装直升机完成首飞瞄准外销市场
          The Z-19E is generally comparable in performance and capability to the later variants of the AH-1 HueyCobra, and is particularly for low-intensity conflicts, counterterrorism, and counter-insurgency operations.... [2017-06-29]
      Harbin Z-19  
      中国哈尔滨Z-19型武装直升机
          The Z-19 is an updated modified version of the Harbin Z-9W. It is a twin-seat tandem helicopter using commercial components from the Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin series as the Z-9 series which are licence-built versions of the Dauphin.... [2017-06-28]