Harbin Z-19

中国哈尔滨Z-19型武装直升机

Date:2017-06-28 Source:wikipedia By:Globalmil Viewed:

 

Harbin Z-19 making a low-level pass at Zhuhai Airshow 2012
哈尔滨Z-19型在2012年珠海航展上低空过场
 
Role         Reconnaissance and attack helicopter
Manufacturer       Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation
First flight          2011
Introduction        2012
Status              In service
Primary user             People's Liberation Army Air Force
Number              built 80 as of 1/11/2014
Developed from            Harbin Z-9W
角色          侦察攻击直升机
制造商          哈尔滨飞机制造公司
第一次飞行           2011年
引进             2012年
状态          现役
最初用户           中国人民解放军空军
生产数量           截至1/11/2014为80架
发展来源         哈尔滨Z-9W型
 
The Harbin Z-19, also called WZ-19, is a Chinese reconnaissance/attack helicopter developed by Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation (HAMC) for the People's Liberation Army Air Force and the Ground Force Air Force.It is built using components of the Harbin Z-9 which is a licence built version of the Eurocopter Dauphin.
哈尔滨Z-19型,也称WZ-19型,是一种中国的侦察/攻击直升机由哈尔滨飞机制造公司(HAMC)为中国人民解放军空军和陆军航空兵研制。它是使用欧洲直升机公司许可生产的哈尔滨Z-9型组件制造。
 
Design and development
设计与开发
 
The Z-19 is an updated modified version of the Harbin Z-9W (similar to the development of Bell AH-1 Cobra from UH-1). It is a twin-seat tandem helicopter using commercial components from the Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin series as the Z-9 series which are licence-built versions of the Dauphin.
Z-19型是哈尔滨Z-9W型(类似于从UH-1型发展的贝尔AH-1型“眼镜蛇”)的一种更新的改进型。它是一种双座串列式直升机使用欧洲直升机AS365型“海豚”( Dauphin)系列的商业组件如Z-9系列是“海豚”的许可证生产型。
 
The Z-19 features a fenestron tail, damping its sound and therefore allows it achieve some level of acoustic stealthiness. The exhausts also protect the helicopter from infrared threats.The helicopter is installed with a millimeter wave (MMW) fire control radar.
Z-19型特征是一个旋叶尾部(涵道尾桨),减弱它的声音并因此可以实现一定程度的声学隐身性能。排气管还能保护直升机免受红外威胁。直升机装有毫米波(MMW)火控雷达。 
 
The Z-19 also features armor platings, crash resistant seats, and a turret with FLIR, TV, and laser range finder.Z-19 is also equipped with advanced helmet mounted sight (HMS),which looks different from that of WZ-10.
Z-19型还具有的特点是装甲防护板,抗坠毁座椅,和一个使用前视红外、电视和激光测距仪的炮塔。Z-19型还配备了先进的头盔瞄准具(HMS),看起来与武直-10不同。
 
General designer of the WZ-19 was Wu Ximing (吴希明) of the 602nd Research Institute, one of the Chinese top scientists involved in the 863 Program, after graduating from Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics in 1984. Wu had earlier participated in the designs of the armed version of transport helicopters Z-8A, Z-11 and WZ-9. He also participated in the development and flight testing of another Chinese attack helicopter CAIC WZ-10. At the 9th Zhuhai Airshow held in November 2012, Aviation Industry Corporation of China formally announced the official names of WZ-10 and WZ-19 at a televised news release conference, with both attack helicopters are named after the nicknames of fictional characters in the Water Margin, one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature. WZ-10 is named as Fiery Thunderbolt (Pi Li Huo, 霹雳火), the nickname of Qin Ming, while WZ-19 is named as Black Whirlwind (Hei Xuan Feng, 黑旋风), the nickname of Li Kui.
WZ-19型的总设计师是602研究所吴希明(Wu Ximing),一个参与863计划的中国顶级科学家,在1984年毕业于南京大学航空航天学院。吴希明曾参加过武装运输直升机Z-8A型,Z-11型和WZ-9型设计。他还参加了中国的另一种CAIC WZ-10型攻击直升机发展和飞行测试。在2012年11月举行的第九届珠海航展上,在电视转播的新闻发布会上航空工业总公司正式宣布中国武直-10和WZ-19的官方命名,两种攻击直升机被以《水浒传》中人物的绰号命名,中国文学四大名著之一。WZ-10型被命名为Fiery Thunderbolt(Pi Li Huo,霹雳火),秦明的昵称,而WZ-19型命名为Black Whirlwind(Hei Xuan Feng,黑旋风),李奎的昵称。
 
Production
生产
 
Harbin is developing the Z-19, which is expected to function and support with a heavier attack helicopter, the CAIC WZ-10, in the near future.Export variants will be designated WZ-19 (Wǔzhuāng Zhíshēngjī, 武装直升机 - attack helicopter), but aircraft used in country will be designated Z-19 as WZ is used by the PLAAF for UAVs (WZ - Wúrén Zhēnchá, 无人侦察 (Unmanned Reconnaissance)).
哈尔滨公司发展的Z-19型,预计去发挥作用和支援更重的攻击直升机,CAIC WZ-10型,这在不久的将来。出口改型将被指定为WZ-19型(WǔzhuāngZhíshēngjī,武装直升机 - 攻击直升机),但国内使用的飞机将被指定为Z-19型由于WZ由中国空军使用用于WZ(WZ-WúrénZhēnchá,无人侦察(Unmanned Reconnaissance))。


Harbin Z-19 at the China Helicopter Exposition, Tianjin 2013
哈尔滨Z-19型在天津2013年中国直升机博览会
 
Specifications (Z-19)
规格(Z-19)
 
General characteristics
一般特点
 
Crew: Two, pilot and observer
Length: 12 m (39 ft 4 in)
Height: 4.01 m (13 ft 2 in)
Empty weight: 2,350 kg (5,181 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 4,500 kg (9,921 lb)
Powerplant: 2 × WZ-8C turboshafts, 700 kW (940 hp) each
Main rotor diameter: 11.93 m (39 ft 2 in)
Main rotor area: 111.79 m2 (1,203.3 sq ft)
组员:二名,飞行员和观察员
机长:12米(39英尺4英寸)
机高:4.01米(13英尺2英寸)
空重:2,350公斤(5,181磅)
最大起飞重量:4500公斤(9,921磅)
动力装置:2×WZ-8C涡轮轴,700 kW(940马力)
主旋翼直径:11.93米(39英尺2英寸)
主旋翼面积:111.79平方米(1,203.3平方尺)
 
Performance
性能
 
Maximum speed: 280 km/h (174 mph; 151 kn)
Cruise speed: 245 km/h (152 mph; 132 kn)
Range: 700 km (435 mi; 378 nmi)
Endurance: 4 hours
Service ceiling: 6,000 m (20,000 ft)
Rate of climb: 9 m/s (1,800 ft/min)
最高速度:280公里/小时(174英里/小时;151节) 
巡航速度:245公里/小时(152英里/小时;132节) 
航程:700公里(435英里;378海里) 
续航时间:4小时 
实用升限:6000米(20000英尺) 
爬升率:9米/秒(1800英尺/分钟) 
 
Armament
武器装备
 
2x Pylon stores for rockets, gun pods, 8x HJ-8 or other anti-tank/air-to-surface/anti-ship missiles, 8x TY-90 air-to-air missiles.
2x 外挂悬架用于火箭,机炮吊舱,8x HJ-8型或其他反坦克/空对地/反舰导弹,8x TY-90型空对空导弹
 
补充:Harbin Z-19 Light scout and observation helicopter[来源:http://www.military-today.com]
 
The Z-19 is a new Chinese light scout and observation helicopter. This helicopter was locally developed in China by Harbin. The whole development programme was kept in high secrecy. It is a tandem-seat version of the Z-9W, which in turn is a license-built version of the Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin. However this helicopter also shares some resemblance with the Japanese OH-1.The Z-19 made its first flight in 2011 and was publicly revealed in 2012. This helicopter is already in service with Chinese army aviation regiment. It operates alongside the dedicated Z-10 attack helicopter.
Z-19型是中国新的轻型侦察和观察直升机。这种直升机由哈尔滨公司本国发展。整个发展方案保持高度保密。这是一种Z-9W型串联座位型号,这又是一种欧洲直升机公司AS365型“海豚”许可生产型。然而这种直升机也与日本OH-1型有一些相似之处。Z-19型2011年作了它的首次飞行,并在2012年公开透露。这架直升机已经在中国陆军航空团服役。它在专用的Z-10攻击直升机旁边操作。
 
The Z-19 is lightly armored. Both pilots are seated on crash-resistant seats. This scout and observation helicopter is equipped with a nose-mounted FLIR, TV and laser rangefinder.
Z-19型型轻装甲。两名飞行员都坐在抗坠毁座椅上。这种侦察和观察直升机配备了机鼻安装前视红外、电视和激光测距仪。
 
Secondary task for the Z-19 is to provide fire support. It has four underwing hardpoints and can carry unoperated rocket pods and other weapons, such as TY-90 air-to-air and HJ-8 anti-tank missiles. Helicopter can also carry a podded 23-mm cannon.
Z-19型次要任务是提供火力支援。它有四个翼下挂架可携带火箭荚舱等武器,如携带TY-90型空对空和HJ-8型反坦克导弹。直升机还可以携带23毫米机炮吊舱。
 
The Z-19 can operate under various weather conditions and at night.
Z-19型可以在各种天气条件下和夜间操作。
 
It uses the same engines as the Z-9WA. It is a WZ-8A, a license-built version of the Turbomeca Arriel.
它使用和Z-9WA相同的发动机。这是一种WZ-8A型,Turbomeca Arriel许可生产型。
 
The Z-19 has a fenestron tail. It reduces the sound and allows to achieve some level of acoustic stealthiness. It also has an IR-suppressing exhaust system. This feature also gives a level of protection against missiles with infra-red guidance.
Z-19型有一个旋叶尾部。它降低了声音,可以实现一定程度的声学隐身性能。它还具有红外抑制排气系统。这个特性还提供了对红外制导导弹的防护级别。
 
In 2014 a version of the Z-19 with a mast mounted radar was observed. It is most likely that this version can fire anti-tank missiles in fire-and-forget mode.
Z-19型2014年的型号被看到安装桅杆雷达。很可能这个型号可以在发射-并-忘记(发射后自寻的)模式中发射反坦克导弹。

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