Changhe Z-18

中国昌河Z-18型直升机

Date:2017-07-09 Source:wikipedia By:Globalmil Viewed:

 
The Changhe Z-18 is a medium transport helicopter developed by Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation (CAIC) to replace the Z-8.
昌河Z-18型是昌河飞机工业公司(CAIC)开发的一种中型运输直升机,以取代Z-8型。
 
Z-18
Z-18型
 
Role Anti-submarine warfare (ASW) and Medium transport / Utility helicopter
National origin China
Manufacturer Avicopter (Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation)
Status In service
Primary user People's Liberation Army
Developed from Avicopter AC313

角色   反潜战(ASW)和中型运输/通用直升机
来源国家   中国
制造商    中航工业直升机公司(Avicopter)(昌河飞机工业公司,Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation)
状态    正在服役
主要用户    解放军
发展来源    中航工业直升机公司(Avicopter) AC313型
 
Design and development
设计与开发
 
The Z-18 is a single-rotor helicopter with tail rotor and a non-retractable landing gear, thought to be based on the Avicopter AC313, an updated design based on the earlier Harbin Z-8, itself a development of the Aérospatiale Super Frelon. A naval version of the Z-18 was first revealed onboard Chinese aircraft carrier Liaoning. In 2014, the army version of Z-18 was revealed in Chinese army publications.It features a redesigned lower fuselage, with power provided by three improved WZ-6C turboshaft engines and has a MTOW of 13.8 tonnes.
Z-18型是一种具有尾部旋翼和不可伸缩起落架的单旋翼直升机,被认为是基于中航工业直升机公司(Avicopter)AC313型,基于早期的哈尔滨Z-8型的更新设计,本身是法国宇航公司(Aérospatiale)“超黄蜂”(Super Frelon)的发展。 Z-18的海军型首次在中国“辽宁号”航空母舰上曝光。 2014年,中国军队出版物上揭示了Z-18的陆军型,具有重新设计的下部机身,由三台改进WZ-6C型涡轮轴发动机提供动力,最大起飞重量(MTOW)为13.8吨。

 
The Z-18 uses composite materials for the rotor blade and titanium main rotor. It is equipped with a modern integrated digital avionics system and advanced electronic flight instrument landing system. Variants of the Z-18 have been developed for performing VIP transport, search and rescue, ASW and AEW operations.
Z-18使用复合材料用于旋翼叶片和钛合金主旋翼。配备了现代化的集成数字航电系统和先进的电子飞行仪表着陆系统。 Z-18的改型已经开发用于执行VIP运输,搜索和救援,反潜战(ASW)和空中预警(AEW)操作。

 
Variants
改型
 
Z-18: Based on the Avicopter AC313 design, it features a modified lowered fuselage and an improved WZ-6C turboshaft. A nose-mounted weather radar as well as FLIR and TV turrets were installed. Additional communication and navigation antennae are also added.
Z-18J: New AEW variant with a multimode active electronically scanned array radar from the 38th Institute.
Z-18F: A recent anti submarine version with surface radar, dipping sonar, hardpoints intended for torpedoes/missiles, and sonobuoys.
Z-18A: Army version with a terrain following radar and EO turret.
 
Z-18:基于中航工业直升机公司(Avicopter)AC313型设计,它具有改进的降低机身和改进的WZ-6C型涡轴发动机。安装了机鼻式气象雷达以及前视红外(FLIR)和电视转塔。还添加了其他通讯和导航天线。
Z-18J:来自第38研究所的具有多模主动电子扫描阵列雷达的新反潜战(AEW)改型。
Z-18F:一种最新反潜型采用水面雷达,浸没式声呐,硬挂点预计用于鱼雷/导弹和声纳浮标。
Z-18A:具有地形跟踪雷达和光电(EO)转塔的陆军型。

补充资料:直-18 来源:百度百科

直-18(代号:Z-18),是中国自行研制的一型舰载中型反潜直升机。直-18已经发展出陆军型与海军型。

2014年2月,模仿法国设计的直-18反潜战直升机开始进行测试。大体形的直-18暂时只能部署在辽宁舰和071型两栖攻击舰上,但这种直升机的航程很长,能有效扩展中国水面舰船对敌军潜艇的防护范围 。

直-18已经发展出陆军型与海军型。其中,陆军型又细分为直升机基本型、预警直升机,海军型又细分为反潜机型与运输型 。
 
直-18的体形是直-9直升机的两倍,能够携带大型潜望搜索雷达、敏感声呐、鱼雷、深水炸弹、声呐浮标及操作人员。
 
直-18预警机服役后,提高了辽宁号航母编队对于低空目标的探测能力,增强编队对于低空、超低空目标的抗击能力,尤其是拦截掠海反舰导弹的能力,从而有力的增强了辽宁号航母编队的作战能力。

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