Arava

以色列阿拉瓦型运输机

Date:2016-08-12 Source:israeli-weapons By:Globalmil Viewed:


The first transport that was planned and produced in Israel. The prototype first flew on November 27th 1969. The plane's civilian version was powered by a Pratt & Whitney PT6A-27, and was meant for flying 20 seated passengers or 12 medical evacuees on stretchers. The military version of the plane has a stronger power plant and can carry 24 armed troops, 17 fully equipped paratroopers, or 2.5 tons of cargo. The plane can also be armed with various weapons if necessary. 
这是以色列计划和制造的第一种运输机。原型机首次在1969年11月27日飞行,飞机的民用版本的动力采用普惠PT6A-27型发动机,用于飞行有20名乘客座位或12名担架上的医疗撤离人员。飞机的军用型有更强的动力装置,可携带24名武装军人,17名装备齐全的伞兵,或2.5吨的货物。飞机如果必要武装也可配备各种武器。

In the Yom Kippur War (1973)', several 'Arava 201' planes were conscripted by the IAF for transport missions in the Sinai. In the early 1980's, a number of Arava planes enetered service with the IAF, and carried out transport, instructional and operational assignments. After 'Peace for the Galilee', the planes were employed for carrying troops between Lebanon and Israel. These flights made use of the Arava's ability to land on short, rough airstrips. 
在赎罪日战争(1973年),几架”阿拉瓦201“飞机被以色列空军为西奈运输任务征召。在80年代初,一些阿拉瓦飞机进入以色列空军(IAF)服役,并进行了运输,教学和操作性作业。 “和平的加利利”后,飞机被用于黎巴嫩和以色列之间运送部队。这些航班利用的阿拉瓦(Arava)运输机在短距,粗糙的跑道上降落能力。

Heyl Ha'avir also purchased the more advanced model of the Arava, the Arava 202, which is equipped with more powerful engines. Today, the Arava is one of the IAF's principal troop-carrying transports.
以色列空军(Heyl Ha'avir)还购买了阿拉瓦更先进的型号,阿拉瓦202型,其配备了更强大的发动机。如今,阿拉瓦是以色列空军的主要空中运兵方式之一。
  
Primary Role[主要用途]
Twin engine short range transport[双发动机短距离运输
Original[原型]
Israel[以色列]
Dimensions[尺寸]
Wingspan[翼展]: 20.96 m  
Length[机长]: 13.03 m  
Height[机高]: 5.21 m  
Wing area[机翼面积]: 43.68 sq. m 
Capabilities[性能]
Maximum speed[最高飞行速度]: 316 kph  
Ceiling[升限]: 8,200 m  
Range[航程]: 1,306 km 
Weight[重量]
Empty[空重]: 4,000 kg  
Max. loaded[最大负载]: 6,804 kg . 
Power Plant[动力装置]
Two Pratt & Whitney PT6A-34 engines rated at 750 hp each[两台普惠PT6A-34型发动机每台额定功率750马力]


补充资料[来源:参考消息网站]:
“阿拉瓦”(Arava)短距起降运输机是IAI于20世纪60年代末独立研发、制造的第一种飞机,名称源于以色列东部的阿拉瓦谷地。该机可以搭载20名步兵,从长度不到300米的土质跑道上起飞。其虽然只生产了103架,但出口了到10多个国家的空军中,为IAI的自主研发道路开了一个好头,为日后研发其他机型奠定了基础。


图为洪都拉斯空军目前仍在使用的“阿拉瓦”机
 

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