PLZ45 155MM SELF-PROPELLED GUN-HOWITZER

中国PLZ45式155毫米自行榴弹炮

Date:2016-03-27 Source:internet By:Globalmil Viewed:


The PLZ45 was jointly developed by NORINCO and its subcontractors 123 Factory, 127 Factory, 674 Factory and Beijing University of Science and Technology for export market.PLZ45用于出口市场共同被中国北方工业总公司(NORINCO)和它的次承包商123工厂、127工厂、674工厂和北京科技大学发展。

The PLZ45 is the 155mm self-propelled gun-howitzer developed by NORINCO for the export market. The artillery system was jointly developed by the 123 Factory, 127 Factory, 674 Factory and Beijing University of Science and Technology. The PLZ45 beat the US and European competitors in a bid to provide self-propelled artillery systems for the Kuwait Army in 1997. Latest Internet source photos suggest that the artillery may have also entered service with the PLA.
中国PLZ45式是为推进出口市场被中国北方工业总公司(NORINCO)发展的155毫米自行榴弹炮。火炮系统共同地被123工厂、127工厂、674工厂和北京科技大学发展。1997年PLZ45式在科威特陆军自行火炮系统投标中击败了美国和欧洲的竞争者。最近的互联网上的图片显示火炮可能进入解放军中服役。

PROGRAMME
计划

NORINCO and its subcontractors developed the PLZ45 155mm self-propelled gun-howitzer system in the early 1990s for the export market. The artillery system is armed with a 155mm main gun derived from the NORINCO’s Type 89 (PLL01) 155mm/45-calibre towed gun-howitzer. It does not utilise the Type 321 utility tracked chassis used by most of Chinese indigenous artillery systems. Instead, it has a newly designed tracked chassis with better performance.
在1990能早期,中国北方工业总公司(NORINCO)和它的次包商为出口市场发展了PLZ45式155毫米自行榴弹炮。火炮系统装备使用的一门155毫米主炮来自中国北方工业总公司89式(PLL01)155毫米/45倍口径牵引式榴弹炮。它没有采用被大多数中国自行生产的火炮系统使用的321型通用履带底盘。改为,它有一个崭新设计具有更好性能的履带式底盘。


Along with the PLZ45 self-propelled gun-howitzer NORINCO has also developed a full package of support, command and control, forward observer, and radar vehicles.连同PLZ45自行榴弹炮一起,中国北方工业总公司(NORINCO)也已经发展支援、指挥和控制、前方观察和雷达车等一个完整的成套设备。


In the 1997 international competition to provide Kuwaiti Army with a battalion of self-propelled artillery systems, the PLZ-45 surprisingly beat the US and European competitors to win the contract. Apart from political reasons to repay China’s support in the UN resolution to liberate Kuwait from Iraqi occupation, the excellent performance of the artillery system also played an important role in the decision. A battalion of howitzers were delivered to the Kuwait along with a full package of support, command and control, forward observer, and radar vehicles. Impressed by the artillery’s performance, Kuwait ordered additional 74 PLZ45 gun-howitzers in 2001.
在1997年国际竞争去为科威特陆军提供一个营的自行榴弹炮,中国的PLZ-45式令人惊讶地击败了美国和欧洲的竞争者赢得合同。除了政治上的理由去报答中国支援联合国决定从伊拉克占领中去解放科威特之外,火炮系统的优良性能也扮演重要角色。一个营的榴弹炮交付给科威特连同全套支援设备,指挥和控制设备,前方观察设备和雷达车。由于对火炮性能的印象,科威特在2001 年订购了增加的74辆PLZ45式自行榴弹炮。


In the 1997 international competition to provide Kuwaiti Army with a battalion of self-propelled artillery systems, the PLZ-45 surprisingly beat the US and European competitors to win the contract.在1997年国际竞争去提供一个营的自行火炮系统给科威特陆军,PLZ-45令人惊讶地打败了美国和欧洲的竞争者赢得合同。


Initially the PLZ45 was not developed for the PLA since its standard artillery at division level is the Soviet 152mm, not Western 155mm. However, there has been speculations that the PLA may adopt the Western 155mm designs to replace its 152mm artillery guns in the future. A small number of 155mm Type 89 towed gun-howitzer has already been delivered to the PLA. Internet source photos also show PLZ45 with PLA ensign in fire test, an indication that the PLA45 or its improved model may eventually be accepted by the PLA.
最初PLZ45式没有在解放军中部署,以前解放军师一级标准炮兵使用的是苏联152毫米而不是西方155毫米。然而,已经推测解放军可能采用西方155毫米设计在将来代替它的152毫米火炮。一个小数量的89式155毫米牵引式榴弹炮已经被交付到解放军。互联网上的照片也显示射击测试的PLZ45式上有解放军标志,一种迹象PLA45式或它的改进型可能最后被解放军接受。


Internet source photos also show PLZ45 with PLA ensign in fire test, an indication that the PLA45 or its improved model may eventually be accepted by the PLA.英特网来源图片也显示在射击测试中PLZ45使用解放军标志,一个迹象PLA45或它的改进型可能最后被解放军接受。

ARMAMENT
武器


The PLZ45 is the first Chinese designed sophisticated, modern land weapon system that approaches Western designs in technology and performance.PLZ45第一种中国设计的复杂的、现代化的陆地武器系统,在技术和性能方面接近西方设计。

The PLZ45 is armed with a 155mm, 45-calibre main gun. China obtained the 155mm/45-calibre howitzer technology from Austria in the 1980s, and developed its own 155mm/45-calibre gun in 1986.The turret has an elevation is from +72 to -3 degrees with 360 degree traverse. The main gun has a semi-automatic loader and an electrically controlled and hydraulically operated rammer that enables projectile loading to take place at any angle of elevation with the charge being loaded manually. The gun-howitzer has a crew of five.There is also a roof-mounted W-85 12.7mm anti-aircraft machine gun and two sets of four-barrel smoke grenade launchers on the turret's side.Ammunitions are stored at the rear of the turret. A total of 30 rounds for the gun-howitzer and 480 rounds for the machine gun are carried onboard. 24 howitzer rounds are carried in the loader and 6 rounds on the right side below the loader.The fire-control system of the PLZ45 includes an automatic laying system, optical sighting system, gun orientation and navigation system, and a GPG receiver.
PLZ45式装备使用一门155毫米45倍口径主炮。中国在1980年获得了来自奥地利的155毫米/45倍口径的榴弹炮技术,而且在1986年发展了它自己的155毫米/45倍口径的火炮。炮塔仰角+72度到-3度和360度旋转。主炮有一个半自动装弹机、一套电动控制和液压操作撞锤,能够在任何仰角去装填射弹,装药用手装填。榴弹炮有五名组员。 在顶部安装了W-85式12.7毫米防空机枪和在炮塔两侧安装两套四管烟榴弹发射器。弹药被储存在炮塔的后部。携带总数为30枚榴弹炮弹药和480发机枪弹药。24枚榴弹炮弹药携带在装载机内和在装载机右侧有6枚弹药。PLZ45的火控系统包括一个自动机械铺设系统,光学瞄准系统,火炮定方和导航系统,一套GPG接收装置。


MUNITIONS
弹药

 The PLZ45 fires a range of Extended Range Full Bore (ERFB) ammunition, including High Explosive (ERFB/HE), Base Bleed High Explosive (ERFB-BB/HE), ERFB-BB/RA, ERFB/WP, ERFB/Illuminating, ERFB/Smoke, and ERFB-BB/Cargo.PLZ45式发射多种增程全膛(ERFB)弹药,包括高爆(ERFB/HE),底排高爆(ERFB-BB/HE),ERFB-BB/RA,ERFB/白磷弹,ERFB/照明弹,ERFB/烟幕弹和ERFB-BB/子母弹。


The PLZ45 fires a range of Extended Range Full Bore (ERFB) ammunition, including High Explosive (ERFB/HE), Base Bleed High Explosive (ERFB-BB/HE), ERFB-BB/RA, ERFB/WP, ERFB/Illuminating, ERFB/Smoke, and ERFB-BB/Cargo.
中国在1990年获得了俄国Krasnopol激光制导发射技术,而且已经成功地发展它自己的152/155毫米激光制导弹药。被设计能击败装甲车辆和武器炮位,射弹是惯性中继引导和半主动激光自导引。射弹的射程3~20公里,可以无需精瞄就能首发击中目标。

OPERATION
操作

standard PLZ45 battalion consists of 3 batteries, each with 6 PLZ45 self-propelled gun-howitzers (SPGH) and 6 PCZ45 ammunition support vehicles (ASV). Each battery has a battery command post and 3 battery reconnaissance vehicles (BRV), both of which are based on the Type 85 APC. These are supported by W653A armoured recovery vehicles, 704-1 artillery locating and fire correction radar, 702-D meteorological radar, and fire support maintenance vehicles.
一个标准PLZ45营由3个连组成,每个连使用6门PLZ45式自行榴弹炮和6辆PCZ45弹药支援车(ASV)。每个连有一辆战地指挥车和3辆连侦察车(BRV),两者以85式步兵人员输送车(APC)为基础。这些支援被W653A装甲救援车,704-1型火炮定位和火力修正雷达,702-D型气象雷达,火力支援维护车辆。

PROPULSION
推进

The gun-howitzer is powered by a 520hp turbocharged diesel, giving a max road speed of 40km/h.
榴弹炮安装一台520马力涡轮增压柴油发动机,最大道路速度40公里/小时。

SPECIFICATIONS
规格

Crew: 5
Combat weight: 33t
Dimension: (Length) 10.52m; (width) 3.30m; (height with AAMG) 3.52m; (height without AAMG) 2.60m
Anti-NBC: Collective
Fire-Supression System: Yes
Calibre: 155mm
Barrel Length: 45 calibre
Barrel Life: 2,500 firings
Maximum Firing Range: (High Explosive or HE): 24km; (Extended Range Full Bore, or ERFB) 30km; (Extended Range Full Bore, Hollow Base, Base Bleed, or ERFB-HB-BB) 39km
Rate of Fire: intense 4~5 rounds/min; sustained 2 rounds/min
Loading system: semi-automatic
Fire Control: Direct or indirect firing with electro-optical sighting system for day/night operations; onboard computer; GPS
Second Weapon: 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun
Smoke Grenade: Two sets of 4-barrel launchers
Onboard Ammunition Load: (155mm) 30; (12.7mm) 480
组员:5名
战斗重量:33吨
尺寸: (长度)10.52米;(宽度)3.30米;(连同AAMG的高度)3.52米;(没有AAMG的高度)2.60米
核、生、化防护:集体
口径:155毫米
炮管长度:45倍口径
炮管寿命:2,500次发射
最大射程:(高爆炸药或HE):24公里;(增程全内径或ERFB)30公里;(增程全内径,底凹,底排或ERFB-HB-BB)39公里
射速:急促4~5发/分钟;持续2发/分钟
装填系统:半自动
火控:直接或间接射击使用光电瞄准系统昼/夜操作;车载计算机;全球定位系统
 第二武器:12.7毫米防空机枪
烟榴弹:两组4管发射装置
车载弹药负载:(155毫米)30枚;(12.7毫米)480发

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