TYPE 83 152MM SELF-PROPELLED GUN-HOWITZER

中国83式152毫米自行榴弹炮

Date:2016-03-27 Source:internet By:Globalmil Viewed:


The prototype of the Type 83. The artillery system is based on the Type 66 152mm towed gun-howitzer mounted on a Type 321 utility full-track chassis, which is also used in many other artillery systems in the PLA.
83式的原型,火炮系统是安装在一个321式多用途全履带车辆底盘上的66式152毫米牵引式榴弹炮为基础,也被用于解放军的许多其它的火炮系统

The Type 83 is the self-propelled version of the Type 66 towed 152mm gun-howitzer mounted on a Type 321 tracked chassis. Designed to provide a mobile, long-range, direct/indirect suppression firepower for armoured and motorised troops at division level, it is the first modern self-propelled artillery system in service with the PLA. The latest variant of the Type 83 is capable of firing laser-guided ammunition based on Russian technology.
中国陆军83式是66式牵引式152毫米榴弹炮安装在一辆321型履带底盘上的自行型号。设计是为师一级装甲和摩托化部队提供一种移动、远程和直接/间接火力抑制;它是中国解放军现役中第一种现代化的自行火炮系统。83式最近改型能够发射基于俄国技术的激光制导弹药。


The Type 83 is the PLA’s first modern self-propelled artillery system that is comparable to Western or Soviet/Russian designs.
83式是中国解放军可比得上西方或苏联/俄国设计的现代化自行火炮系统


Type 83s in service with the PLA. The development of the Type 83 began in the late 1970s, and the batch production was approved in 1983.
83式在解放军服役中。83式的发展在1970年后期中开始,而且批量生产在1983年被批准

 
PROGRAMME
计划
 
The Type 83 152mm self-propelled gun-howitzer was developed in the late 1970s in response to the PLA’s urgent requirement for a modern self-propelled artillery system with full track chassis and sealed turret. The development project was completed in 1978, but the design was not finalised until November 1983 due to problems in the semi-automatic loader.
83式152毫米自行榴弹炮在1970年后期发展适应中国解放军急迫的使用全履带式底盘和全封闭炮塔的现代化自行火炮系统需求。发展计划在1978年被完成,但是设计由于半自动装载机的难题并没有结束,一直到1983年11月。
 
The Type 83 was first seen in public in the 1984 National Day military parade held in Beijing, and entered operational service with the PLA in late 1984. The artillery system is normally found in the artillery regiment organic to an armoured or mechanised infantry division. Each division has a Type 83 battalion, which operates 18 guns.
83式在北京举行的1984年国庆阅兵式上被首次看到,而且在1984年后期内进入操作服役。炮兵系统通常在一个装甲或机械化步兵师中建立在炮兵团建制。每个师有一个83式营,操作18辆火炮。
 
The main gun of the Type 83 is based on the Type 66 152mm towed gun-howitzer. The artillery system is designed to provide continuous firepower to support the operations of motorised infantry and armoured troops; to suppress and defeat enemy personnel and weapons; to destroy enemy defence fortifications; to engage enemy artillery, tank, and armoured combat vehicles.
83式主炮以66式152毫米牵引式榴弹炮为基础。火炮系统被设计提供连续的火力去支援摩托化步兵和装甲部队军事行动;去抑制和打击敌人员和武器装备;去摧毁敌人的防御工事;同敌人火炮、坦克和装甲车辆交战。

The Type 83 was first seen in October 1984 during the military parade to celebrate the 35 th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China. It has been in service with the PLA armoured forces as the primary artillery weapon system since then.
83式在1984年10月在庆祝第35周年国庆节上被第一次看到。从此是中国解放军装甲力量现役中主要的火炮武器系统
 
DESIGN
设计
 
The layout of the Type 83 follows the general pattern of most modern self-propelled artillery systems, with six pairs of roadwheels, the engine and drive sprocket at the front, and the large square turret at the rear. There are extensive storage points around the hull and turret to carry 30 rounds. There are two periscopes, on of which is fitted with night vision channel. The crew communicates with each other using the Type 803 intercom system. The turret elevation is from +62 to 0 degrees with 360 degree traverse.
83式的设计遵循普通大部分现代化自行火炮系统式样,使用六对负重轮,发动机和驱动轮在前部,巨大的四方形炮塔在后部。在外壳和炮塔的周围有广泛的储藏点携带30发弹药。有二个潜望镜,在上面配备有夜视通道。 组员彼此通信使用803型对讲器系统。炮塔仰角从+62到0度和能360度旋转。
 
ARMAMENT
武器
 
The main gun of the Type 83 is developed from the Type 66 152mm towed gun-howitzer, added with a fume extractor and autoloader. The maximum rate of fire is 5 rounds/minute. It is capable of firing all standard types of 152mm rounds, including high explosive fragmentation (HE-FRAG), HE-FRAG with base gas bleed, cluster projectiles with fragmentation submunitions and base gas bleed, and indigenous laser-guided 152mm projectile.
83式主炮是从66式152毫米牵引式榴弹炮发展,使用一个抽烟装置和自动装弹机。最大射击速率是5发/分钟。它能够发射所有的标准类型152毫米弹药,包括高爆易碎(HE-FRAG),HE-FRAG底排弹,聚簇炮弹使用fragmentation submunitions和底排气,本国的激光制导152毫米炮弹。
 
China obtained the Russian Krasnopol laser-guided projectile technology in the 1990s, and has successfully developed its own 152/155mm laser-guided ammunitions. Designed to defeat armoured vehicles and weapon emplacements, the projectile has inertial mid-course guidance and semi-active laser homing. The projectile has a range of 3~20km, and can hit a target by the first shot without registration.
中国在1990年获得了俄国Krasnopol激光制导炮弹技术,而且已经成功地发展它自己的152/155毫米激光制导弹药。被设计击败装甲车辆和武器炮位,炮弹是惯性中段制导和半主动激光自导引。炮弹射程3~20公里,首发能够击中一个没有对准?的目标。
 
Secondary weapons include a roof-mounted 12.7-mm/50-calibre antiaircraft machine gun with a maximum fire-range of 2,000m; a 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun, with a maximum fire-range of 1,800m and a fire rate of 250 rounds/min. Additionally inside the turret there is also a Type 69 40mm rocket propelled grenade (RPG) launcher.
次武器包括车辆顶安装的一挺12.7毫米/.50口径防空机枪具有最大火力范围2,000米;一挺7.62毫米同轴机枪,具有1,800米的一个最大火力范围和250发/分钟的射速。附加地在炮塔内也是一个69型40毫米火箭推进枪榴弹(RPG)发射装置。

The Type 83 is fitted with a semi-automatic loader that enables it to fire with a burst rate of 5 rounds/min. In normal conditions, the ammunitions are fed through the loading hatches on the side and rear of the turret. When the loading vehicle is not available, the artillery can also use its onboard ammunition load of 30 rounds.
83式配备有一个能够以5发/分钟急促射击的半自动装弹机。在正常条件中,弹药经过在炮塔后侧面的装填舱口。当装填车无法可得的时候,火炮也能使用它的车载30发弹药负载
 
PROPULSION
推进
 
The Type 83 is powered by a 382kW WR4B-12V150LB four-stroke, liquid-cooled diesel engine. The max road speed is 55km/h, and the max range is 450km.
83式被一台382kW WR4B-12 V150LB型四冲程水冷柴油发动机提供动力。最大道路速度55公里/小时,而且最大行程是450公里。
 
SPECIFICATIONS
规格
 
Calibre: 152.4mm
Barrel length: 29 calibre (approximately)
Muzzle speed : 655m/s
Maximum Firing Range: (unassisted): 17.2km; (assisted) 21.5km
Rate of Fire: intense 5 rounds/min; sustained 1 round/min
Crew: 5
Fire Control: Direct or indirect firing with optical/night vision sighting 
Battle Weight: N/A 
Speed: Road speed 55km/h
Ammunition: HE-FRAG, HE-FRAG with base gas bleed, laser-guided projectile
Onboard ammunition load: 30 rounds 
口径: 152.4 毫米
身管长度: 29倍口径(大约)
炮口初速: 655 米/秒
最大射程:(无助力)17.2 公里;(助力)21.5 公里
射速: 短促的5发/分钟;持续的1发/分钟
组员: 5
火控: 使用光学/夜视瞄准具直接或间接射击
战斗重量: N/A
速度: 道路速度 55 公里/小时
弹药: HE-FRAG,底排HE-FRAG,激光制导炮弹
车载弹药负载: 30发弹药

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