The prototype of the Type 83. The artillery system is based on the Type 66 152mm towed gun-howitzer mounted on a Type 321 utility full-track chassis, which is also used in many other artillery systems in the PLA.
The Type 83 is the self-propelled version of the Type 66 towed 152mm gun-howitzer mounted on a Type 321 tracked chassis. Designed to provide a mobile, long-range, direct/indirect suppression firepower for armoured and motorised troops at division level, it is the first modern self-propelled artillery system in service with the PLA. The latest variant of the Type 83 is capable of firing laser-guided ammunition based on Russian technology.
The Type 83 is the PLA’s first modern self-propelled artillery system that is comparable to Western or Soviet/Russian designs.
Type 83s in service with the PLA. The development of the Type 83 began in the late 1970s, and the batch production was approved in 1983.
The Type 83 152mm self-propelled gun-howitzer was developed in the late 1970s in response to the PLA’s urgent requirement for a modern self-propelled artillery system with full track chassis and sealed turret. The development project was completed in 1978, but the design was not finalised until November 1983 due to problems in the semi-automatic loader.
The Type 83 was first seen in public in the 1984 National Day military parade held in Beijing, and entered operational service with the PLA in late 1984. The artillery system is normally found in the artillery regiment organic to an armoured or mechanised infantry division. Each division has a Type 83 battalion, which operates 18 guns.
The main gun of the Type 83 is based on the Type 66 152mm towed gun-howitzer. The artillery system is designed to provide continuous firepower to support the operations of motorised infantry and armoured troops; to suppress and defeat enemy personnel and weapons; to destroy enemy defence fortifications; to engage enemy artillery, tank, and armoured combat vehicles.
The Type 83 was first seen in October 1984 during the military parade to celebrate the 35 th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China. It has been in service with the PLA armoured forces as the primary artillery weapon system since then.
The layout of the Type 83 follows the general pattern of most modern self-propelled artillery systems, with six pairs of roadwheels, the engine and drive sprocket at the front, and the large square turret at the rear. There are extensive storage points around the hull and turret to carry 30 rounds. There are two periscopes, on of which is fitted with night vision channel. The crew communicates with each other using the Type 803 intercom system. The turret elevation is from +62 to 0 degrees with 360 degree traverse.
The main gun of the Type 83 is developed from the Type 66 152mm towed gun-howitzer, added with a fume extractor and autoloader. The maximum rate of fire is 5 rounds/minute. It is capable of firing all standard types of 152mm rounds, including high explosive fragmentation (HE-FRAG), HE-FRAG with base gas bleed, cluster projectiles with fragmentation submunitions and base gas bleed, and indigenous laser-guided 152mm projectile.
China obtained the Russian Krasnopol laser-guided projectile technology in the 1990s, and has successfully developed its own 152/155mm laser-guided ammunitions. Designed to defeat armoured vehicles and weapon emplacements, the projectile has inertial mid-course guidance and semi-active laser homing. The projectile has a range of 3~20km, and can hit a target by the first shot without registration.
Secondary weapons include a roof-mounted 12.7-mm/50-calibre antiaircraft machine gun with a maximum fire-range of 2,000m; a 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun, with a maximum fire-range of 1,800m and a fire rate of 250 rounds/min. Additionally inside the turret there is also a Type 69 40mm rocket propelled grenade (RPG) launcher.
The Type 83 is fitted with a semi-automatic loader that enables it to fire with a burst rate of 5 rounds/min. In normal conditions, the ammunitions are fed through the loading hatches on the side and rear of the turret. When the loading vehicle is not available, the artillery can also use its onboard ammunition load of 30 rounds.
The Type 83 is powered by a 382kW WR4B-12V150LB four-stroke, liquid-cooled diesel engine. The max road speed is 55km/h, and the max range is 450km.
83式被一台382kW WR4B-12 V150LB型四冲程水冷柴油发动机提供动力。最大道路速度55公里/小时，而且最大行程是450公里。
Barrel length: 29 calibre (approximately)
Muzzle speed : 655m/s
Maximum Firing Range: (unassisted): 17.2km; (assisted) 21.5km
Rate of Fire: intense 5 rounds/min; sustained 1 round/min
Fire Control: Direct or indirect firing with optical/night vision sighting
Battle Weight: N/A
Speed: Road speed 55km/h
Ammunition: HE-FRAG, HE-FRAG with base gas bleed, laser-guided projectile
Onboard ammunition load: 30 rounds
口径： 152.4 毫米
炮口初速： 655 米/秒
最大射程：(无助力)17.2 公里；(助力)21.5 公里
速度： 道路速度 55 公里/小时