The Puma tracked armoured infantry fighting vehicle developed for the German Army.
The Projekt Systems and Management (PSM) consortium, based in Kassel in Germany, is developing the Puma tracked infantry fighting vehicle for the German Army, under a programme authorised by the German Federal Parliament. The PSM industrial consortium is owned by Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and Rheinmettall DeTec. The Puma programme has formerly been known as the Igel and the Neuer Schuetzenpanzer (NsPz).
The first prototype vehicles and systems demonstrator will be available during 2005. The first 20 production vehicles will be completed in 2006. An estimated 1,152 Puma infantry fighting vehicles will be manufactured. A total of 390 vehicles will be manufactured in the first volume production batch.
The Puma vehicles are to replace the Rheinmetall Landsysteme Marder 1 Infantry Fighting Vehicles which entered service in 1971 with the German Army and will soon reach the end of operational life.
The development programme includes the build and test of a number of major Puma subsystem demonstrators. These include demonstrators to test: the armour protection, the weapon and ammunition handling and flow system, three versions of the turret and three versions of the chassis.
Turret 1 has been successfully built and tested the weapon operation out of the vertical axis. Turret 2 is being constructed in order to test the optics and stabilisation. Turret 3 will be constructed and tested to the final agreed design configuration.
The first version of the chassis, F1, will be used for driving tests and the second and third versions, F2 and F3, are being built to the final chassis design and will be used as demonstrator models.
The hull is a new design rather than a derivative of an older system. Rheinmetall is responsible for the development and design of the chassis. The vehicle is operated by a crew of three (commander, gunner and driver) and carries up to eight equipped troops in the rear troop compartment
The vehicle is of modular construction which allows it to be fully air transportable on an A400M aircraft.
The vehicle is armed with a remotely controlled weapon station, developed by Kraus-Maffei Wegmann, which is fitted with a dual feed Mauser 30mm MK 30-2 cannon. Rheinmetall is responsible for the integration of the Mauser cannon and the ammunition handling system. The MK 30-2, which is in production for the Spanish Pizarro and Austrian Ulan IFV, has a rate of fire of 700 rounds per minute and a range of up to 3km.
战车装备使用一套遥控武器站，由克劳斯-玛菲-魏格曼公司发展，配备有双重供弹毛瑟30毫米MK 30-2型火炮。莱恩麦塔尔公司负责毛瑟火炮和弹药操纵的整合系统。MK 30-2型火炮，为西班牙“皮萨罗”（Pizarro）战车和奥地利的“乌兰”（Ulan）步兵战车生产，射速每分钟高达700发和射程达到3公里。
The cannon fires 30mm APFSDS-T (Armour Piercing Fin-Stabilised Discarding Sabot - Tracer) rounds with a muzzle velocity of 1,385m/sec. The rounds, developed by Oerlikon Contraves Pyrotec and being qualified in Switzerland for deployment in the Swiss and Austrian armed forces, have entered volume production. The round is not fitted with a depleted uranium penetrator and is non-toxic.
The MK 30-2 cannon also fires the FAPIDS-T (Frangible Armour Piercing Incendiary Discarding Sabot - Tracer) round that is deployed against hard and soft targets.
The development of a new round, the 30mm Air Burst Munition (ABM), by Oerlikon Contraves Pyrotec, is complete and under a schedule of tests and qualification trials for entry into service around 2005.The ABM round (173mm long, 30mm diameter) contains an electronic timer, an ejection charge and 135 cylinder-shaped tungsten alloy bars or projectiles. The electronic timer is programmed by inductive coupling through a device installed in the muzzle of the cannon. The timer initiates the ejection charge which releases and disperses the tungsten projectiles before impact with the target.
The vehicle is fitted with a new High Power Density 892 series diesel engine developed by MTU. The MTU 892 series is rated at 800kW which provides the Puma with a power-to-weight ratio of 25.4kW/t.
The running gear is decoupled so the vehicle has low noise and vibration characteristics. Krauss Maffei Wegmann is responsible for the vehicle's hydropneumatic suspension system. Diehl has been selected to supply the tracks.
The Puma AIFV is built with the option of three levels of protection to suit the operational requirements.
The vehicle is built with the option of three levels of protection to suit the operational requirements. The versions weigh 29.4t, 31.45t and 43t.
The basic Level 1, 29.4t, version provides protection against explosively formed projectile (EFP) mines, top attack artillery projectiles and has all round protection against 14.5mm kinetic energy rounds and RPG-7 rocket propelled grenades. The front and flank of the vehicle are fitted with a higher level of protection against 30mm kinetic energy rounds.
Level A has been selected as the baseline armour protection for the Puma IFV for the German Army. Level A gives all round protection against 14.5mm machine gun rounds and artillery fragments. The front and flank are protected against 30mm cannon rounds. The front armour protects against hollow charge rounds. The vehicle is also protected against 10kg blast and EFP mines. The German Army Puma with Level A protection has a combat weight of 31.45t and is air transportable in the A400M aircraft.
Additional armour modules can be fitted to the hull and turret to provide Level C protection. With Level C armour protection the combat weight is increased to 43t. It would be necessary to deploy four A400M transporters to carry three Puma infantry fighting vehicles fitted with Level C armour protection, the fourth aircraft lifting the additional modular armour fits.