VBCI WHEELED INFANTRY FIGHTING VEHICLE, FRANCE

法国陆军VBCI轮式步兵战车

Date:2016-04-28 Source:army-technology By:Globalmil Viewed:


The French Army has selected the Satory Military Vehicles VBCI 8 x 8 infantry fighting vehicle as a successor to the AMX10P. The VBCI (Vehicule de Combat d'Infanterie) is a wheeled 8 x 8 infantry fighting vehicle with modular protection that can be adapted to the threat. Conditional orders have been placed to cover the supply of 700 vehicles to the French Army in two versions. There will be up to 550 VBCI/VCI infantry fighting vehicles and 150 VBCI/VPC command post vehicles.
法国军队已经选择萨特瑞军用车辆公司VBCI 8×8步兵战车作为AMX10P的替代者。VBCI(步兵战车)是一种8×8轮式步兵战车采用模块化防护,能够适应威胁。法国陆军已经分两种型号签定合同定购总数达700辆,其中将会有达到550辆的VBCI/VCI(步兵战车)型和150辆VBCI/VPC(战地指挥车)型。

The Ministry of Defence awarded the VBCI contract to Giat Industries and Renault VI in November 2000. A new company, Satory Military Vehicles, has been set up by Giat and Renault to manage the VBCI contract and a number of other vehicles including the VAB series and the AMX-10RC.
法国国防部在2000年11月授予VBCI战车承包合同给法国地面武器工业集团公司和雷诺VI公司,主承包商是法国地面武器工业集团公司。双方设立一个新的合资公司,萨特瑞(Satory)军用车辆公司去管理VBCI战车生产,该厂还生产许多其它车辆包括VAB系列和AMX-10 RC型。

Renault has responsibility for the mobility systems, including the driver's station, engine, gearbox, suspension and axles and on-board electrical networks. Giat is responsible for the armoured hull, interior furnishing, assembly and integration of the turret and vehicle, observation, command and control, weapons and self-protection systems. Three prototypes are to be completed by 2005 and the vehicle enters series production in 2006.
雷诺公司负责车辆运行系统,包括驾驶室、发动机、齿轮箱、悬挂、轮轴和车载电力系统;法国地面武器工业集团公司负责装甲车体,以及炮塔、观测系统、指挥控制系统、武器和自保护系统同车辆的装配和整合。三辆原型计划在2005年之前完成,而且车辆在2006年进入系列化生产。

VBCI DESIGN
VBCI战车设计

The VCI infantry fighting vehicle version has a combat weight of 26t and accommodates the two crew, the gunner, the driver and a combat team of eight troops and a commander. The troops can rapidly embark or disembark from the power operated ramp door at the rear of the vehicle.
VCI型作战重量26吨,全体乘员两名,炮手和驾驶员各一名,还能容纳由八名步兵和一名指挥官组成的一个战斗小组。车辆后部的动力操作斜坡门使乘载部队能迅速登上或下车。

The vehicle will operate in high intensity operations and with Leclerc main battle tanks. The crew and troops are protected from a range of threats, including 155mm shell shrapnel and small and medium calibre shells. The welded steel and aluminium alloy hull is fitted with spall liners and add-on titanium armour plate to protect against anti-tank weapons. The box structure floor and running gear provide protection against exploding mines.
VBCI战车将会在高强度军事行动中操作,同“勒克莱尔”(Leclerc)主战坦克配合。VBCI战车对乘员和军队提供多种威胁保护,包括155毫米炮弹碎片和小/中等口径炮弹。铝合金焊接车体配备有装甲碎片衬层和附加钛装甲护板去保护防备反坦克武器。框结构底盘和驱动装置提供保护防备爆炸地雷。

General features include suspension, air conditioning, interior free volume, storage space, NBC warfare protection and noise and vibration protection.
一般的功能包括空气调节、内部的净容积、仓储空间、NBC(核、生、化)战斗环境保护和噪音/振动保护。

VBCI WEAPONS SYSTEMS
VBCI战车武器系统

The VCI vehicle is fitted with a one-man Giat Dragar turret armed with a dual feed 25mm NATO cannon type 25 M811 with 150 rounds in the turret and a coaxial 7.62mm machine gun. The cannon has 24V electrical motorisation and rearming. The cannon fires in single round, three rounds, ten rounds and free burst firing modes with rates of fire at 125rounds/min and 400rounds/min. The vehicle is also equipped with the LIRE infrared decoy system and smoke grenade launchers.
VCI型安装由法国地面武器工业集团公司生产的单人回转炮塔,装备一门双重补给25毫米北约标准25 M811型火炮连同在炮塔内的150发弹药,还装备一挺和火炮同轴7.62毫米机枪。火炮使用24 V机电方式操作。25 M811型火炮具有单发、三发、十发和自由点射多种射击模式。具有125发/最小和400发/最大射击速率。VCI型也装备LIRE红外诱骗系统和烟榴弹发射器。

The VPC command post vehicle is equipped with a remotely operated 12.7mm machine gun turret.
VPC型配备使用一挺遥控操作的12.7毫米机枪塔。

An anti-tank version, armed with the Eryx missile system, is being considered.
一种反坦克改型,装备使用Eryx导弹系统,正在考虑。

SIT TERMINAL INFORMATION SYSTEM
SIT终端信息系统

The VCI commander's station is equipped with the SIT terminal information system, developed by Giat and EADS Defense Electronics Systems. SIT is based on the FINDERS system in service on French Army Leclerc tanks. Giat is responsible for the software and system integration, EADS for the computer and graphics terminal. The system connects the weapon systems and the command vehicles equipped with them to the chain of command. It allows the exchange of digitised data, including the tactical situation and graphic orders displayed on a background map, between the vehicle and the unit commander.
VCI型指挥官位置配置安装SIT终端信息系统,这是由法国地面武器工业集团公司和欧洲航空防务和航天(EADS)公司的防卫电子系统公司合作发展。SIT以在法国陆军“勒克莱尔”坦克上正在使用中的FINDERS系统为基础。法国地面武器工业集团公司负责软件和系统集成,计算机和图形终端由欧洲航空防务和航天公司提供。SIT终端信息系统连接武器系统,而VPC型安装SIT终端信息系统到指挥系统。它允许数字化数据的交换,包括战术情形和一台在一个背景地图上图解式命令显示系统,同时在车辆和部队指挥官之间。

The interior of the VBCI Wheeled Infantry Fighting Vehicle
The VBCI infantry fighting vehicles will be equipped with the SIT terminal information system, a version of the FINDERS computerised battle management system.

SIT terminal information system featured on the VBCI Wheeled Infantry Fighting Vehicle
The SIT terminal information system allows the exchange of digitised data, for example the tactical situation between the vehicle and the unit command.

The vehicle also has high rate secure data and voice communications and a BIFU combat identification system.
VCI型具有高速率保密数据/声音通信能力和一套BIFU战斗目标识别系统。

The VPC command post vehicles will be fitted with the Regimental Information System (VBCI/VPC/SIR).
VPC型将会配备有团级信息系统。

VBCI FIRE CONTROL SYSTEM
VBCI战车射击控制系统

The gunner is seated in the turret. The gunner's sight is supplied by Thales Optronique based in Guyancourt. It is a multisensor optronic sight that includes a direct day optical channel, a thermal imager, a laser range finder and video channel linked to the weapon fire control system. The sight includes a new generation Catherine-QW multi-quantum well thermal camera, based on technology developed by Thales Optronique and Sofradir. The periscopic sight sub-assembly and the laser rangefinder are manufactured by Thales Optronics in the UK.
VCI型炮手瞄准具是一种先进多传感器光电瞄准具,包括一个直接昼间操作通道、一个热成像仪、全景观察仪、激光测距仪和视频通道联接到武器射击控制系统。瞄准器还包括一套新一代Catherine-QW热摄像机(thermal camera)。全景观察仪和激光测距仪由英国泰利斯公司制造。

The commander has a remote display from the gunner's sight equipped with an override control suite allowing the commander to operate the turret and weapons. The commander also has a day/night image-intensifying observation periscope developed by Thales Angenieux, in partnership with Giat Optique.
指挥官有一个来自炮手瞄准具的遥控显示器连同一套越权控制组件,允许指挥官直接操作炮塔和武器。指挥官也有一套由泰利斯公司和法国地面武器工业集团公司合作发展的昼/夜增强图像观测潜望镜。

Episcopic sights protect the driver, gunner and commander against eye damage by hostile laser hazards.
瞄准器具有视力保护功能,保护驾驶员、炮手和指挥官免于被敌方激光伤害造成眼睛损伤。

DIESEL ENGINE
VBCI战车动力系统

The 550hp diesel engine with an in-line six-cylinder configuration and automatic gearbox are installed in the front right of the vehicle. In-line transmission is by four central axles protected by armoured housings. The exhaust gases are diluted to reduce the infrared signature of the vehicle.
由沃尔沃公司制造安装在车辆前部右侧550马力柴油发动机采用六气缸构造和自动变速箱,排气被冲淡减少车辆的红外信号值。传动系统由ZF公司制造,四个主要轮轴由装甲罩壳保护。

The vehicle can reach speeds over 100km/hr on metalled roads and has an unrefuelled range of 750km.
在碎石路面上车辆速度能达到100公里/小时而且有750公里的一个非补给燃料行程。

The 50cm ground clearance, hydropneumatic suspension and wheels with 395/90 R22 tyres fitted with a driver-controlled variable pressure system provide mobility on all types of terrain. The front two pairs of wheels are guided and with a turning radius of 17m the vehicle can manoeuvre in confined spaces. The vehicle has demonstrated manoeuvrability in rough terrain over obstacles such as 60° forward slope, 30° side slope, 2m trench and 0.7m steps. The vehicle can be driven with seven wheels if a wheel is lost by mine explosion.
50厘米离地间隙,油气悬挂和使用米其林公司生产的395/90 R22型轮系。安装使用一套驱动器-可控变量气压系统为所有的类型地面提供灵活性。前面二对车轮受引导并且连同一个17米的回转半径,使VBCI战车能在有限空间机动操作。VBCI战车已经示范具有极强的机动性,例如60°前进斜度、30°侧斜度、2米沟渠和0.7米梯状地带等地形恶劣地区。如果一个车轮被地雷爆炸损失,车辆能使用七个车轮驱使。

Fording is possible to a depth of 1.2m without preparation and 1.5m with preparation. The vehicle is road and railway gauge compatible and is air transportable on an Airbus A400M.
还具有一定涉水能力,对于在没有准备情况下涉水深度1.2米和有准备情况下涉水深度1.5米。车辆是公路和铁路标准相容的,而且能够使用一架A400M大型运输机进行空中运输。

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