|VBCI WHEELED INFANTRY FIGHTING VEHICLE, FRANCE
Date:2016-04-28 Source:army-technology By:Globalmil Viewed:
The French Army has selected the Satory Military Vehicles VBCI 8 x 8 infantry fighting vehicle as a successor to the AMX10P. The VBCI (Vehicule de Combat d'Infanterie) is a wheeled 8 x 8 infantry fighting vehicle with modular protection that can be adapted to the threat. Conditional orders have been placed to cover the supply of 700 vehicles to the French Army in two versions. There will be up to 550 VBCI/VCI infantry fighting vehicles and 150 VBCI/VPC command post vehicles.
The Ministry of Defence awarded the VBCI contract to Giat Industries and Renault VI in November 2000. A new company, Satory Military Vehicles, has been set up by Giat and Renault to manage the VBCI contract and a number of other vehicles including the VAB series and the AMX-10RC.
Renault has responsibility for the mobility systems, including the driver's station, engine, gearbox, suspension and axles and on-board electrical networks. Giat is responsible for the armoured hull, interior furnishing, assembly and integration of the turret and vehicle, observation, command and control, weapons and self-protection systems. Three prototypes are to be completed by 2005 and the vehicle enters series production in 2006.
The VCI infantry fighting vehicle version has a combat weight of 26t and accommodates the two crew, the gunner, the driver and a combat team of eight troops and a commander. The troops can rapidly embark or disembark from the power operated ramp door at the rear of the vehicle.
The vehicle will operate in high intensity operations and with Leclerc main battle tanks. The crew and troops are protected from a range of threats, including 155mm shell shrapnel and small and medium calibre shells. The welded steel and aluminium alloy hull is fitted with spall liners and add-on titanium armour plate to protect against anti-tank weapons. The box structure floor and running gear provide protection against exploding mines.
General features include suspension, air conditioning, interior free volume, storage space, NBC warfare protection and noise and vibration protection.
The VCI vehicle is fitted with a one-man Giat Dragar turret armed with a dual feed 25mm NATO cannon type 25 M811 with 150 rounds in the turret and a coaxial 7.62mm machine gun. The cannon has 24V electrical motorisation and rearming. The cannon fires in single round, three rounds, ten rounds and free burst firing modes with rates of fire at 125rounds/min and 400rounds/min. The vehicle is also equipped with the LIRE infrared decoy system and smoke grenade launchers.
VCI型安装由法国地面武器工业集团公司生产的单人回转炮塔，装备一门双重补给25毫米北约标准25 M811型火炮连同在炮塔内的150发弹药，还装备一挺和火炮同轴7.62毫米机枪。火炮使用24 V机电方式操作。25 M811型火炮具有单发、三发、十发和自由点射多种射击模式。具有125发/最小和400发/最大射击速率。VCI型也装备LIRE红外诱骗系统和烟榴弹发射器。
The VPC command post vehicle is equipped with a remotely operated 12.7mm machine gun turret.
An anti-tank version, armed with the Eryx missile system, is being considered.
The VCI commander's station is equipped with the SIT terminal information system, developed by Giat and EADS Defense Electronics Systems. SIT is based on the FINDERS system in service on French Army Leclerc tanks. Giat is responsible for the software and system integration, EADS for the computer and graphics terminal. The system connects the weapon systems and the command vehicles equipped with them to the chain of command. It allows the exchange of digitised data, including the tactical situation and graphic orders displayed on a background map, between the vehicle and the unit commander.
The VBCI infantry fighting vehicles will be equipped with the SIT terminal information system, a version of the FINDERS computerised battle management system.
The SIT terminal information system allows the exchange of digitised data, for example the tactical situation between the vehicle and the unit command.
The vehicle also has high rate secure data and voice communications and a BIFU combat identification system.
The VPC command post vehicles will be fitted with the Regimental Information System (VBCI/VPC/SIR).
The gunner is seated in the turret. The gunner's sight is supplied by Thales Optronique based in Guyancourt. It is a multisensor optronic sight that includes a direct day optical channel, a thermal imager, a laser range finder and video channel linked to the weapon fire control system. The sight includes a new generation Catherine-QW multi-quantum well thermal camera, based on technology developed by Thales Optronique and Sofradir. The periscopic sight sub-assembly and the laser rangefinder are manufactured by Thales Optronics in the UK.
The commander has a remote display from the gunner's sight equipped with an override control suite allowing the commander to operate the turret and weapons. The commander also has a day/night image-intensifying observation periscope developed by Thales Angenieux, in partnership with Giat Optique.
Episcopic sights protect the driver, gunner and commander against eye damage by hostile laser hazards.
The 550hp diesel engine with an in-line six-cylinder configuration and automatic gearbox are installed in the front right of the vehicle. In-line transmission is by four central axles protected by armoured housings. The exhaust gases are diluted to reduce the infrared signature of the vehicle.
The vehicle can reach speeds over 100km/hr on metalled roads and has an unrefuelled range of 750km.
The 50cm ground clearance, hydropneumatic suspension and wheels with 395/90 R22 tyres fitted with a driver-controlled variable pressure system provide mobility on all types of terrain. The front two pairs of wheels are guided and with a turning radius of 17m the vehicle can manoeuvre in confined spaces. The vehicle has demonstrated manoeuvrability in rough terrain over obstacles such as 60° forward slope, 30° side slope, 2m trench and 0.7m steps. The vehicle can be driven with seven wheels if a wheel is lost by mine explosion.
Fording is possible to a depth of 1.2m without preparation and 1.5m with preparation. The vehicle is road and railway gauge compatible and is air transportable on an Airbus A400M.
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