Type 037-II (Houjian Class) Missile Corvette

中国037-II型(红箭级)导弹艇

Date:2013-10-26 Source:internet By:globalmil Viewed:

The Type 037-II (NATO codename: Houjian class) is the missile corvette built by Huangpu Shipyard of Guangzhou for the PLA Navy garrison troops stationed in Hong Kong. Although the vessel inherited the Type 037 designation, it bears little resemblance to the Type 037 series patrol craft, and is generally regarded as a wholly new design. A total of six vessels have been delivered to the PLA Navy between 1991 and 2005. No further construction plan has been reported.

037-II型(北约代号:红箭级)是由广州黄埔造船厂为PLA海军驻香港守备队部队建造的导弹艇。虽然继承了037型的命名,但是与037型系列巡逻艇相比有少量相似之处,并通常被认为是完全新的设计。在1991年和2005年之间总数为六艘已经被交付给PLA海军。没有进一步的建造计划被报道。

Huangpu Shipyard delivered four Type 037-II missile corvettes (770~773) to the PLA Navy South Sea Fleet between 1991~1995. The vessel was first revealed during the 1996 PLA joint exercise in the Taiwan Strait. These boats were later deployed to Hong Kong in July 1997, and has been based there since then. The fifth vessel (774) with an Russian-made AK-176 single-barrel 76mm gun was commissioned in 2001 but the vessel was damaged in an accident in June 2006. The last vessel (775) was possibly commissioned in 2005~06.

黄埔造船厂在1991~1995年之间交付四艘037-II型导弹艇(770~773)给PLA海军南海舰队。在1996年在台湾海峡PLA联合演习期间被首次展示。这些导弹艇稍后在1997年7月部署到香港,而且此后已经以那里为基地。第五艘(774号)采用一座俄国制造的AK-176型单管76毫米炮在2001年服役,但是在2006年6月在一次意外事故中损坏。最后一艘(775号)可能在2005~06年服役。

Design

The Type 037-II has a steel hull which has been incorporated certain radar cross-section reduction features. A main gun is located on the bow deck in front of the bridge. Two triple YJ-8 (C-801) anti-ship missile launchers are located on the stern deck. The vessel has fully airtight compartment with collective NBC-protection and central air condition for better living conditions.

设计

037-II型是钢制艇身合并某些雷达横截面减少特征。一座主炮位于艏甲板舰桥前面。二座三联YJ-8(C-801)反舰导弹发射装置位于尾甲板上。导弹艇完全密闭隔舱具备集体核生化保护和中央空调用于更好的居住条件。

Shiplist

Yangjiang (770), Shunde (771), Nanhai (772), Fanyu (773), Lianjiang* (774), Xinhui (775)

* Lianjiang (774) was damaged in an accident in 2006 and may not be operational

船只目录

阳江(770),顺德(771),南海(772),番禹(773),廉江*(774),新会(775)

* 廉江(774) 2006年在意外事故中损坏并且可能无法操作

Weapons

The vessel is armed with six YingJi-8 anti-ship missiles (two groups, each with three launchers), which use active radar homing and is powered by a turbojet (with a solid rocket booster). The anti-ship missile has a range of 80~120km and approaches the target in sea skimming mode at a speed of 0.9 Mach. The 165kg shaped charge warhead has time delayed impact proximity fuses.

武器

装备六枚鹰击-8型反舰导弹(二组,每组采用三联发射装置),采用主动雷达制导和由一台涡喷发动机提供动力(采用一台固体火箭助推器)。反舰导弹射程80~120公里并且以0.9马赫速度掠海模式接近目标。165公斤锥形装药弹头采用延时碰撞近炸引信。

There is an indigenous Type 76A dual-barrel 37mm automatic AAA gun located on the bow deck of the vessel, firing shells at a rate of 400 rounds/min to a range of 9.4km for airborne targets. There are also two Type 69 dual-30mm automatic AAA guns on the stern deck, firing shells at a rate of 360~400 rounds/min to a range of 4km for airborne targets.

在艏甲板装有一座76A型双管37毫米自动AAA炮,对空以400发/分钟9.4公里射程发射炮弹。在后甲板也有二座69型双管30毫米自动AAA炮,对空目标以360~400发/分钟4公里射程发射炮弹。

The #5 vessel Lianjiang (774) has its Type 76A twin-30mm AAA gun replaced by a Russian-made AK-176 single-barrel 76mm automatic gun with a fire rate of 120 rounds/min and a maximum range of 12km against airborne or surface target.

#5 廉江(774号)采用俄国制造的AK-176型单管76毫米自动炮代替76A型双管30毫米AAA炮,具有120发/分钟射速和最大对空或水面目标12公里射程。

Electronic Systems

The Type 037-II is the first missile corvette in service with the PLA Navy to be equipped with a sophisticated C3I system. According to a PLA official report, electronic systems occupies a significant percentage of the Type 037-II's overall costs.

电子系统

037-II型是PLA海军服役中装备一套复杂C3I系统的第一种导弹艇。根据一位PLA官员报告,电子系统占037-II型全部费用的重要比例。

The ship is fitted with a Type 352E ' Square Tie' I-band radar for surface search and anti-ship missile targeting; and a Type 347G 'Rice Lamp' I-band radar for AAA fire-control. The two Type 69A dual-30mm AAA guns are directed by a Type 88C optronic director.

配备有352E型‘方结’I-波段雷达用于表面搜索和反舰导弹瞄准;和347G型‘谷灯’I-波段雷达用于AAA火控。二座69A型双管30毫米AAA炮被一具88C型光电指示器指引。

Propulsions

The propulsion system consists of three SEMT-Pielstick diesels rated at 15,840hp. The boat has three shafts which provide a maximum speed of 33.5 knots.

推进

推进系统由额定15,840马力的三台SEMT-Pielstick柴油发动机组成。采用三轴驱动提供最大33.5节航速。

Specifications

Displacement: (full load) 520t
Dimensions: Length 65.4 m; Beam 8.4m, Draft 2.35m
Propulsion: 3 X SEMT-Pielstick diesels rated at 15,840hp; three shafts
Speed: Maximum 33.5 knots; Economic: 15 knots
Range: 3,200nm @ 18 knots
Crew: 75
Radar: Type 352E Square Tie; Surface search/SSM guidance; Type 347G (EFR-1) Rice Lamp; 37mm AAA fire-control
Fire-control: Type 88C optronic directors; 30mm AAA fire-control
Guns: 1 X Type 76A dual-37mm AAA gun, 180 rounds/min to 8.5km; weight of shell 1.42kg (or a Russian-made AK-176 single-76mm gun); 2 X Type 69 dual-30mm automatic AAA guns; 360~400 rounds/min to 4km for airborne targets
Missiles: 6 X YJ-8 anti-ship missile; active radar-homing to 150km at Mach 0.9, warhead 165kg, sea-skimming

规格

排水量: (满载)520吨
尺寸: 长度 65.4米;宽 8.4米,吃水线 2.35米
推进: 3 额定15,840马力X SEMT-Pielstick柴油发动机;三轴
航速: 最大 33.5节;经济 15节
航程: 3,200海里@18节
乘员: 75名
雷达: 352E型‘方结’;水面搜索/SSM制导;347G(EFR-1)型‘谷灯’;37毫米AAA火控
火控: 88C型光电指示器;30毫米AAA火控
舰炮: 1 X 76A型 双管37毫米AAA炮,8.5公里 180发/分钟;炮弹重量 1.42公斤(或俄国制造AK-176型单管76毫米炮);2 X 69型30毫米自动AAA炮;对空目标以360~400发/分钟4公里射程
导弹: 6 X YJ-8 反舰导弹;主动雷达制导以0.9马赫速度射程150公里,弹头 165公斤,掠海模式

Last update: 1 March 2009
最后更新: 2009年3月1日

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