TYPE 052B (GUANGZHOU CLASS) MISSILE DESTROYER

中国052B型(广州级)导弹驱逐舰

Date:2016-04-02 Source:internet By:Globalmil Viewed:


中国海军051 B型首舰168“广州”号导弹驱逐舰在2002年5月23日下水,2004年7月15日进入中国海军南海舰队服役

Two Type 052B (Guangzhou class) multirole missile destroyers have been built by Jiangnan Shipyard of Shanghai for the PLA Navy. The Type 052B is larger than any indigenous destroyers previously built and has enhanced air defence and anti-submarine capabilities achieved by fitting it with newly developed and imported weapon and sensor systems. Both ships were commissioned in 2004.
中国海军二艘052 B型(广州级)多任务导弹驱逐舰已经由上海江南造船厂建造。052 B型与任何的中国已有自行建造的驱逐舰相比更大并且已经提高防空和反潜能力,安装采用新发展和引进的武器和传感器系统来实现。两艘舰艇在2004年正式服役。

PROGRAMME
计划

Following the launch of the Type 051B (Shenzhen class, NATO codename: Luhai class) missile destroyer in 1998, the PLA Navy did not build more hulls of the same class as some predicted. Instead, the PLA Navy started to develop a new class of destroyer with displacement and improved weapon systems. This is largely because of the incapable air defence systems of the Type 051B. The Type 052 is fitted with enhanced air defence capability including the Russian-made 9M38 Buk-M1-2 (NATO codename: SA-N-12 Grizzly) air defence missile system and the indigenous Type 730 close-in weapon systems (CIWS), to achieve the operational requirements of the PLA Navy.
在中国海军051 B型(深圳级,北约代号:Luhai级)导弹驱逐舰在1998年下水之后,当时一些预测认为中国海军不再建造更多的该级舰艇。改为,中国海军启动去发展一种新级别排水量和改良武器系统的驱逐舰。这主要因为051 B型防空系统能力不足。052型配备有增强防空能力包括俄国制造的9 M38 Buk-M1-2(北约代号:SA-N-12“灰熊”)防空导弹系统和本国730型近防武器系统(CIWS),达到中国海军的操作需求。


Building of the first-of-class ship, 168 Guangzhou, began in 2000. Unconfirmed reports indicated that the building of the ship was delayed because of the difficulty in acquiring the Ukraine DA/DN80 gas turbine. The ship was launched on 23 May 2002, and had been stationed at Jiangnan Shipyard sine then for weapon and radar system installations. The sea trial began in May 2003, and the ship officially entered service with the PLA Navy on 15 July 2004. The second ship 169 Wuhan was launched in January 2003 and commissioned in late 2004.
建造该级第一艘168“广州”号从2000年开始。未被证实的报告指出舰艇建造延迟因为在获得乌克兰DA/DN80 气轮机方面存在困难。舰艇在2002年5月23日下水,然后在江南造船厂安置用于武器和雷达系统安装。海试在2003年5月开始,而且舰艇正式在2004年7月15日进入中国海军服役。第二艘舰艇169“武汉”号在2003年1月下水并且在2004年后期进入服役。


中国海军051 B型第二艘169“武汉”号导弹驱逐舰在2004年服役,相信部署到中国海军南海舰队湛江基地

The Type 052B is thought to be comparable to the Russian Project 956E (Sovremenny class) destroyer in terms of general performance and capability. This project has set a perfect example of integrating the indigenous platform with foreign-made systems to fill the gap before similar indigenous systems become available, thus reducing the amount of time required in the whole project.
中国海军052 B型的看法在综合性能和能力方面可与俄国设计956 E(Sovremenny级)驱逐舰相比较。这一个计划已经树立一个完美的整合例子,本国平台和国外制造的系统去填补空白,在类似的本国系统之前成为可得到的,从而缩短在整个的计划中必需的时间总数。


中国海军052 B型第一艘168“广州”(Guanngzhou)号,可以看得见在前甲板和舰桥上的各种不同的武器和传感器系统。一架Ka-28反潜战直升飞机也是可看见在后台作业上。舰艇装备中国整合本国和俄国制造的系统。

Nevertheless, the acquiring of the two Type 052B destroyers will definitely further increase the PLA Navy’s capability to combat in deep ocean. It also demonstrates China’s rapid progress in building a ‘blue water’ navy that is capable of operating far away from its homeports, a capability that the Chinese navy has been seeking for nearly two decades.
然而,获得的二艘052 B型驱逐舰将会明确地进一步的增大中国海军在深海中战斗的能力。它也证明中国在建设一支‘深海'海军的飞速前进,更确切地说能够远离它的母港操作,这一个能力中国海军已经将近探索了二十年。

DEPLOYMENT
配置

编号
舰名
舰队
下水
服役
168 “广州”(Guangzhou) 南海 2002年5月25日 2004年7月
169 “武汉”(Wuhan) 南海 2002年10月 2004年

DESIGN
设计

The displacement of the ship is estimated to be 6,500 tonnes. The ship’s hull design incorporates strong radar signature reduction features such as the sloped sides and reduced external features. The hull surface is coated in radar-absorbent paint. The funnel also has cooling devices to reduce the ship’s infrared feature. The ships has a stern flight deck and a helicopter hanger to accommodate one Ka-28 ASW helicopter.
舰艇排水量估计6,500吨。舰艇外壳设计整合强烈的雷达信号减少特色,例如倾斜侧面和简少外部特征。舰体表面涂上一层雷达吸收油漆。烟囱也有冷却装置减少舰艇红外特征。舰艇有一个尾部飞行甲板和一个直升飞机悬挂装置容纳一架Ka-28 ASW直升飞机。

MISSILES
导弹


在052 B型驱逐舰的前甲板100毫米主炮后面是俄国9 M38 Buk-M1-2(北约代号:“灰熊”SA- N-12)半主动雷达制导中距防空导弹发射装置。四套多管火箭发射装置用于未知的突击也是清楚看得见的。

The ship is armed with two Russian-made 9M38 surface-to-air missile launchers, one on the front deck behind the 100mm main gun, and one on top of the helicopter hanger. The launchers can fire the 9M38 Buk-M1-2 (NATO codename: SA-N-12 Grizzly) semi-active, radar-homing, medium-range air defence missile. The missile uses the ship’s Russian-made MAE-5 Top Plate 3D circular scan radar for target tracking, and the Front Dome (two radar for each launcher, each radar with two guidance channels) indication radar for missile guidance. Up to three missiles can be aimed simultaneously. The range is up to 38km against aircraft and 20km against anti-ship cruise missile. The ship carries 48 9M38 missiles.
舰艇装备使用两套俄国制造的9M38地对空导弹发射装置,一套在前甲板100毫米主炮后面,和一套在直升飞机悬挂装置上面。发射装置能发射9 M38 Buk- M1-2(北约代号:“灰熊”SA-N-12)半主动雷达导引中距防空导弹。导弹使用舰载俄国制造MAE-5“顶板”3D立体循环扫描雷达用于目标追踪,和“前罩”( 二具雷达用于各自的发射装置,每具雷达使用两条制导通道)指示雷达用于导弹引导。多达三枚导弹同时地能被对准目标。对抗飞机距离最大是38公里和对抗反舰巡航导弹距离最大是20公里。舰艇携带48枚9 M38导弹。


十六单元YJ-83反舰导弹发射装置和后面的9 M38 Buk- M1-2防空导弹发射装置。舰艇被设计具有全面的防空、反水面和反潜战能力的多任务驱逐舰。

Four 4-cell launcher for the YJ-83 (C-803) sea-skimming, radar-homing anti-ship cruise missile system are installed behind the funnel. The YJ-83 is said to have a final approach speed of Mach 1.5 and a maximum range of 150km. It is noted that the YJ-83 onboard the Type 052B relies on a Russian-made Band Stand fire-control radar to provide target information, which would enable the YJ-83 to reach its maximum range of fire without relaying target information by the shipborne helicopter.
在烟囱后面安装四套4单元发射装置用于YJ-83(C-803)掠海雷达制导反舰巡航导弹系统。YJ-83据说末端接近速度Mach 1.5和最大射程150公里。有些评论称052 B型舰载的YJ-83依靠一套俄国制造“音乐台”火控雷达提供目标信息,能使YJ-83在不使用舰载直升飞机转继目标信息情况下达到最大射程。

GUNS
主炮


中国海军052 B型驱逐舰舰载730型近防武器系统(CIWS)。是中国海军第一艘水面战斗去装备武器系统用于近距离防空。与以前本国驱逐舰上装备76 A型高射机枪相比较它能更有效的反对高速的、低飞的空中目标。

This is the first PLA Navy warship to be fitted with the close-in weapon system (CIWS). Two seven-barrel 30mm Type 730 CIWS are located both sides behind the bridge. The weapon system has a maximum rate of fire of 4,600~5,800 rounds/min.
这是中国海军第一艘安装使用近防武器系统(CIWS)的军舰。两座九管30毫米730型CIWS位于舰桥后面的两侧。武器系统最大射击速率4,600~5,800发/分钟。

The ship has a single-barrel 100mm gun developed by 713 Institute on the basis of the French Creusot-Loire T100C design. The gun can be used against surface targets and air targets such as aircraft and low speed missile, with a maximum rate of fire of 90 rounds/min. The gun can be operated in fully automatic mode from the radar control system, from the shipborne optical sighting system, or laid manually. The turret design incorporates strong radar cross-section reduction features.
舰艇有一门单管100毫米舰炮,是713所以法国 Creusot-Loire T100C设计为基础发展。舰炮能被用于对抗水面目标和空中目标,像是飞机和低速导弹,最大射击速率90发/分钟。主炮能在采用雷达控制系统进行全自动模式操作,从舰载光学瞄准系统或手动操作。转塔设计整合强烈的雷达截面减少特征。

ANTI-SUBMARINE SYSTEMS
反潜系统


中国海军052 B型导弹驱逐舰发射反潜火箭,拥有二具75型12管240毫米反潜火箭发射装置,射程达到1,200米,火箭装备有一枚34公斤弹头。

The ship is fitted with two triple 324mm Yu-7 (Mk-46 Mod 1) antisubmarine torpedo tubes and two Type 75 twelve-barrel 240mm antisubmarine rocket launchers. Range is up to 1,200m. The rocket is armed with a 34kg warhead.
舰艇安装使用二具三管324毫米Yu-7(Mk-46 Mod 1)反潜鱼雷管和二具75型12管240毫米反潜火箭发射装置。射程达到1,200米。火箭装备有一枚34公斤弹头。

Additionally, the destroyer has four 18-barrel multiple rocket launchers (MRLs) installed on the front deck. The purpose of these MRLs remains unknown but is thought to be used to launch antisubmarine rockets, ground- attack rockets and/or decoys/chaffs.
附加地,驱逐舰在前甲板安装有四具18管多管火箭发射装置(MRL)。这些MRL用途未知但是考虑用来发射反潜火箭,对地攻击火箭和/或诱骗/箔条。


中国海军052 B型导弹驱逐舰在训练中发射红外诱骗弹,相信舰艇在防御方面比以往的水面舰艇更有能力

SENSORS
传感器

The air search radar is a Russian MAE-5 (NATO codename: Top Plate) 3D air search radar operating at E/H band. The radar has a maximum detect range of 230km to aircraft and 50km to sea-skimming missile. There are four (in contrast to six on Sovremenny class) Russian Front Dome fire control radar for the 9M38 air defence missile. The main gun and anti-ship missile are controlled by the Russian Band Stand radar operating at D/E/F band.
空中搜索雷达是俄国MAE-5(北约代号:“顶板”)3D立体空中搜索雷达,在E/H波段操作。雷达最大发现飞机距离230公里和对掠海导弹距离50公里。四套(与Sovremenny级上六套对照)俄国“前罩”火控雷达用于9 M38防空导弹。主舰炮和反舰导弹受俄国“音乐台”雷达控制,在D/E/F波段操作。

COMMAND AND CONTROL
指挥和控制

The ZJK-5 combat system onboard the Type 052B is thought to be an improved variant of the Type 051B (Luhai class)’s ZJK-4-3A. The ZJK-5 is based on the 1553B military data bus and the 100Mbps Ethernet technology. The multi-channel defence suite is capable of engaging several targets simultaneously.
052 B型舰载ZJK-5战斗系统型考虑是051 B型(Luhai级)的ZJK-4-3 A改进型。ZJK-5以1553 B军用数据总线和100 Mbps以太网络技术为基础。多通道防卫组件程序能够同时地接合数个目标。

HELICOPTER
直升飞机

The ship’s stern hanger accommodates one Kamov Ka-28 (NATO codename: Helix) antisubmarine warfare (ASW) helicopter. Carrying various weapons including torpedoes and deep charges, the helicopter can operate in all weather conditions up to 200km from the host ship.
舰尾悬挂装置能容纳一架卡莫夫公司 Ka-28(北约代号:螺旋)反潜战(ASW)直升飞机。运送各种不同的武器包括鱼雷和深水炸弹,直升飞机能在全天候最大距主舰200公里条件下操作。

PROPULSIONS
推进

The ship’s propulsion is in the form of CODOG, consisting of two Ukraine-made DA80/DN80 gas turbines rated at 48,600hp and two Shaanxi diesels (Chinese copy of the MTU 20V956TB92) rated at 8,840hp (6.5 MW).
舰艇采用CODOG方式推进,由两台乌克兰制造的DA80/DN80燃气涡轮机额定48,600hp和两台陕西柴油发动机(MTU 20 V956TB92的中国仿造型)额定8,840hp(6.5 MW)所组成。

SPECIFICATIONS
规格

Displacement: 6,500t 
Dimensions: Length 154m; Beam 17m, Draft 6m
Max Speed: 29kt
Crew: 280
排水量:6,500 吨
尺寸:长度154 米;舰宽17 米,吃水线6 米
最大航速:29 kt
乘员:280人

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