TYPE 052C (LANZHOU CLASS) AIR DEFENCE MISSILE DESTROYER

中国052C型(兰州级)防空导弹驱逐舰

Date:2016-04-03 Source:internet By:Globalmil Viewed:


The first hull of the Type 052C destroyer 170 Lanzhou in the commission ceremony. The Type 052C represents a significant achievement in the PLA’s effort to build a “blue water” navy which can operate in deep ocean.
中国海军第一艘052C型驱逐舰170“兰州”号(Lanzhou)的舰体。052C型展示PLA的努力,一项重要的成就,建立能在深海中操作的“蓝海”海军。

Two Type 052C (Lanzhou class) air defence missile destroyers have been built by Jiangnan Shipyard of Shanghai for the PLA Navy. The destroyers, based on the same hull of the Type 052B (Guangzhou class) destroyer, feature the Aegis AN/SPY-1-style phased array radar system and vertically launched HQ-9 naval version long-range air defence missile system. The first-of-class 170 Lanzhou was commissioned in 2004, followed by the second hull 171 Haikou in 2005. 
上海的江南造船厂已经为PLA海军建造完成了二艘052C型(“兰州”(Lanzhou)级)防空导弹驱逐舰。驱逐舰,基于052B型(广州级) 驱逐舰的相同船体,采用类似宙斯盾AN/SPY-1-style相控阵雷达系统和垂直发射HQ-9海军型远程防空导弹系统为特色。该级的第一艘170“兰州”(Lanzhou)号在 2004年服役,在2005年第二艘171“海口”(Haikou)号后继服役。 
  
PROGRAMME
计划
 
Following the launch of two Type 052B (Guangzhou class) multirole missile destroyers in 2002, Shanghai-based Jiangnan Shipyard started to build two Type 052C destroyers based on the same hull design, but with more advanced weapon systems and sensors specifically for fleet air defence role. The first-of-class 170 Lanzhou was laid down in late 2002 and launched on 29 April 2003. The ship was commissioned in July 2004. The second ship, 171 Haikou was launched on 30 October 2003 and was scheduled to enter the service in 2005.
在2002年在二艘052B型(广州级)多任务导弹驱逐舰下水之后,位于上海的江南造船厂开始基于相同的船体设计建造两艘052C型驱逐舰,但是采用较先进的武器系统和传感器明确地用于快速防空任务。新的052C型驱逐舰的第一艘170“兰州”号(Lanzhou)在2002年后期铺设龙骨并且在2003年4月29日下水,在2004年7月服役。第二艘,171“海口”号(Haikou)在2003年10月30日下水并且预定在2005年进入服役。

The second ship 171 Haikou is commissioned in 2005. No following hull is reported to be under construction. It is likely that the PLA Navy will evaluate the combat effectiveness and system performance with the existing two ships before decision to build more units can be made.
第二艘船171“海口”(Haikou)号在2005年服役。没有获悉后继舰艇正在建造中。在要建造更多的单位决定可能被作出之前,很有可能PLA海军将会以已有的二艘舰艇评估战斗效能和系统运转。
 
Unlike the Type 052B destroyer which is equipped with a mixture of Russian and indigenous systems, the Type 052C is completely based on indigenous technology (apart from few sensors). The most notable feature is the four-array multifunction phased array radar (PAR) similar to the U.S. AN/SPY-1 Aegis system. Additionally, the destroyers are also fitted with the vertical launch system (VLS) for the indigenous HQ-9 long-range air defence missile system, and the latest YJ-85 (C-805) anti-ship missile, both of which are not seen on previous Chinese surface warships. 
不同于装备俄国和本国系统一个组合的052B型驱逐舰,052C型完全以本国自行发展的技术为基础(除了很少的传感器之外)。最值得注意的功能是四面-排列多功能相控阵雷达(PAR),类似美国的AN/SPY-1宙斯盾系统。附加地,驱逐舰也采用本国的HQ-9远程防空导弹系统和最新的配备有垂直发射系统(VLS)的YJ-85(C-805)反舰导弹,两者在以前的中国军舰上从没有看到。 
 
DEPLOYMENT
部署
编号(No.)
命名(Name)
舰队(Fleet)
下水(Launch)
服役(Commission)
170 “兰州”(Lanzhou) 南海舰队(South) 2003年4月03日(29 Apr 03) 2004年7月(July 04)
171 “海口”(Haikou) 南海舰队(South) 2003年10月30日(30 Oct 03) 2005
 
DESIGN
设计
 
The destroyer is based on the same hull design and propulsions as the Type 052B destroyers which were launched earlier in the same shipyard. This modular approach would have saved construction time and costs. Compared to the Type 052B, the Type 052C has a much taller bridge, embedded with four fixed phased array radar antennas on the four sides. There is a stern helicopter flight deck and a hanger to accommodate two Russian Ka-28 Halix-A ASW/SAR helicopters.
驱逐舰基于在同一个造船厂下水的052B型驱逐舰相同的舰体和动力装置。这个模块化方式将会节省建造时间和成本。和052B型对比,052C型有一个更高的舰桥,在四面安装使用四个固定相控阵雷达天线。在尾部有一个直升飞机飞行甲板和一个悬挂装置去容纳二架俄国Ka-28 Halix-ASW/SAR直升飞机。
 

170 Lanzhou in sea trial. The most distinctive feature of the destroyer is its phased array radar (PAR) system, which appear to resemble certain features and arrangements of the U.S. AN/SPY-1 Aegis system. Although there has been speculation about the technological link between the two designs, no evidence has been found to support it.
海试中的170“兰州”(Lanzhou)号。驱逐舰最有特色的功能是它的相控阵雷达(PAR)系统,似乎相似美国AN/SPY-1宙斯盾系统的某一些功能和配置。虽然已经有关在二个设计之间的技术联系的推测,没有发现支持这些观点的证据。
 
COMBAT SYSTEM
作战系统
 
The destroyer’s overall air defence, surface strike, and antisubmarine warfare (ASW) capabilities will largely depend on how well different weapon systems and sensors are integrated together by the combat system. Most Chinese warships use the command and control system derived from the French Thomson-CSF TAVITAC, but the Type 052C might have a newly developed system with improved processing power to engage anti-ship missile threats.
驱逐舰整体防空、水面打击和反潜战(ASW)能力将会主要依靠各种不同的、良好的武器系统和传感器,被战斗系统整合在一起。大部分中国军舰使用来自法国汤姆森-CSF TAVITAC公司的指挥和控制系统,但是052C型可能采用全新开发系统具有改进处理能力去同反舰导弹威胁交战。
 
Although the detailed information on the combat system of the Type 052C is unknown, it is likely that the system will comprise the multifunction phased array radar system, command and decision system, battlefield display system, and weapon control system. The command and decision system receives data from ship sensors and provides command, control and threat assessment. The weapon control system receives engagement instruction from the command and decision system, selects weapons and interfaces with the weapon fire control systems.
虽然关于052C型战斗系统的详细资料是未知的,但是很有可能系统将会包括多功能相控阵雷达系统、指挥和决策系统、战场显示系统和武器控制系统。指挥和决策系统接收来自舰艇传感器的数据而且提供指挥、控制和威胁评估。武器控制系统接收来自指挥和决策系统的交战指令,使用的武器火控系统选择武器和界面。


The Type 052C air defence missile destroyer shown from the stern. The destroyer’s hull design bears apparent radar cross-section reduction features, including a streamlined hull with slightly sloped sides and superstructure. Most radar arrays are also hidden inside the ball-shape radomes.
从尾部展现052C型防空导弹驱逐舰。驱逐舰的舰体设计具有极强的隐形特点,包括流线型舰体和轻微倾斜侧边和上层建筑。大多数的雷达组隐藏在球-形天线罩之内。
 
In together with its long-range air defence missile and close-in weapon system (CIWS), the Type 052C is the first Chinese-made surface combatant with a true fleet air defence capability. The combat system will ensure that the ship can engage multiple air targets such as sea-skimming missile and aircraft simultaneously. The ship might also be able to transmit combat information to other ships and aircraft via datalink and satellite communications to form a maritime combat network.
连同它的运程防空导弹和近防武器系统(CIWS)一起,052C型是具有真正舰队防空能力的第一种中国制造的水面战舰。战斗系统将会确倍舰艇能同多种空中目标交战,例如同时存在掠海导弹和飞机。舰艇也能够通过数据链和卫星通信传送战斗信息到其它舰艇和飞机构造一个海上战斗网络。
 
MISSILES
导弹
 
A total of 48 HQ-9 naval air defence missiles are carried in and launched from eight 6-cell vertical launch systems (VLS). In contrast to previous reports which suggested that the system may be based on Russian technology, the VLS onboard the Type 052C appears to be an indigenous design. Unlike the Russian-style revolver VLS, each missile launch cell of the Type 052C VLS has its own lid. The missile system utilises the so-called ‘cold launch’, in which the missile was first ejected from the launch tube, and then ignites its rocket engine at low altitude. This launch style avoids the complex flame and gas exhausting pipes on the Western-style ‘hot launch’ VLS.
中国052C型安装八套6单元垂直发射系统(VLS),配备总数为48枚的HQ-9海军防空导弹。与早先报告可能以俄国技术为基础相反,052C型舰载VLS似乎是一种中国自行发展的设计。不像俄国-风格转盘式VLS,052C型VLS每枚导弹发射单元都有自己的盖板。导弹系统利用所称的‘冷发射',导弹从发射管被首先排出,然后在低高度点燃它的火箭引擎。这一种发射样式避免复杂的西方- 风格‘热发射'VLS上的火焰和气体排气管。

The HQ-9 air defence missile vertical launch systems on the bow deck of the Type 052C destroyer. Each of the launch units has six missile cells, each with independent launch mechanism. The design apparently differs to the Russian-style revolver VLS or Western designs.
在052C型驱逐舰的船首甲板上的HQ-9防空导弹垂直发射系统。每一套发射单位有六个导弹单元,每个采用独立的发射装置。设计与俄国-风格转盘式VLS或西方设计显然地差异。
 
The HQ-9 is China’s new generation medium- to long-range, semi-active radar-homing air defence missile. The missile is said to be developed in the 1990s on the basis of the Russian S-300, but with a guidance system developed from the U.S. Patriot missile technology. The naval HQ-9 appears to be identical to the land-based variant.
HQ-9是中国新一代中程-到运程、半主动雷达制导防空导弹。导弹据说在1990年以俄国S-300为基础发展,但是采用一种美国在“爱国者”导弹技术上发展的制导系统。海军的HQ-9似乎和陆基型相同。
 
The destroyer also carries two 4-cell YJ-85 (C-805) anti-ship missile launchers installed between rear mast and the helicopter hanger. Unlike previous YJ-8X/C-80X series anti-ship missiles which are launched from box-shape launchers, the missile is launched from a new tube-shape launcher. The missiles are guided by the Band Stand radar installed on top of the bridge and a Light Bulb datalink forward of the hanger. Unconfirmed reports suggested that the missile may have a max range of 200km, and may be supersonic.
驱逐舰也携带二套四单元YJ-85(C-805)反舰导弹发射装置,安装在后桅杆和直升飞机悬挂装置之间。不像早先的YJ-8X/C-80X系列反舰导弹是从箱体形发射装置发射,导弹从一个新的圆筒-形发射装置发射。导弹被安装在舰桥顶部“音乐台”(Band Stand)雷达和在悬挂装置前面的Light Bulb数据链制导。未被证实的报告称导弹可能最大射程200公里和可能是超音速类型。


As well as the impressive air defence system, the Type 052C also features a new anti-ship missile design. The tube-shape launchers imply significant modifications on the missile compared to previous YJ-8X/C-80X series missiles.
给人深刻印象的防空系统,052C型也以一种新的反舰导弹设计为特色。圆筒-形发射装置暗示与YJ-8X/C-80X系列导弹相比有重大的修改。
 
GUNS
舰炮
 
The Type 052C has two (one front, one rear) Type 730 close-in weapon system (CIWS) for short-range air defence. Two seven-barrel 30mm Type 730 CIWS are located both sides behind the bridge. The weapon system has a maximum rate of fire of 4,600~5,800 rounds/min.
中国052C型拥有两套(一套在前部,一套在后部)730型近防武器系统(CIWS)。九管30毫米730型CIWS位于舰桥后面的两侧。武器系统最小射速4,600~5,800发/分钟。


Other weapon systems onboard the Type 052C destroyer include the Type 730 seven-barrel 30mm close-in weapon system (CIWS) and 18-tube multiple rocket launchers shown in this photo.
在这一张相片中显示,中国海军052C型驱逐舰的舰载其它武器系统包括730型7管30毫米近防武器系统(CIWS)和18管多管火箭发射装置。
 
The ship has a single-barrel 100mm gun developed by 713 Institute on the basis of the French Creusot-Loire T100C design. The gun can be used against surface targets and air targets such as aircraft and low speed missile, with a maximum rate of fire of 90 rounds/min. The gun can be operated in fully automatic mode from the radar control system, from the shipborne optical sighting system, or laid manually. The turret design incorporates strong radar cross-section reduction features.
舰艇采用一门单管100毫米舰炮,由中国713所以法国Creusot-Loire T100C设计为基础发展。舰炮能被用来对抗水面目标和空中目标,像是飞机和低速导弹,最大射速90发/分钟。主炮能在雷达控制系统下全自动模式、从舰载光学瞄准系统或手动操作。炮塔设计采用极强的隐形设计。
 
ANTI-SUBMARINE SYSTEMS
反潜系统
 
The ship is fitted with two triple 324mm Yu-7 (Mk-46 Mod 1) antisubmarine torpedo tubes. Additionally, the destroyer has four 18-barrel multiple rocket launchers (MRLs) installed on the front deck. The purpose of these MRLs remains unknown but is thought to be used to launch antisubmarine rockets, ground- attack rockets and/or decoys/chaffs.
舰艇配备有二具三管324毫米Yu-7(Mk-46 Mod 1)反潜鱼雷管。另外,驱逐舰在前甲板安装四套18管多管火箭发射装置(MRLs)。这些MRLs的用途未知,但是考虑用来发射反潜火箭、对地攻击火箭或释放诱骗/箔条。
 
SENSORS
传感器
 
The ship is fitted with four multifunction phased array radar antenna. The radar is reportedly developed by Nanjing Research Institute of Electronic Technology (also known as 14 Institute). There is also a Type 517H-1 (NATO codename: Knife Rest) long-range 2D air search radar; a Russian Band Stand fire-control radar (for anti-ship missile and main gun); and two Type 327G (EFR-1, NATO codename: Rice Lamp) fire control radar for the CIWS.
舰艇配备有四个多功能相控阵雷达天线。雷达据传闻由南京电子技术研究所(也即是14所)发展。也有517H-1型(北约代号:“刀架”(Knife Rest))远程2D空中搜索雷达;一套俄国“音乐台”(Band Stand)火控雷达 (用于反舰导弹和主炮);和两套型327G型(EFR-1,北约代号:“谷灯”(Rice Lamp))用于CIWS的火控雷达。
 
HELICOPTER
直升飞机
 
The ship’s stern hanger accommodates 1~2 Kamov Ka-28 (NATO codename: Helix) antisubmarine warfare (ASW) helicopter. Carrying various weapons including torpedoes and deep charges, the helicopter can operate in all weather conditions up to 200km from the host ship.
舰艇尾部悬挂装置能容纳1~2架卡莫夫公司Ka-28(北约代号:螺旋)反潜战(ASW)直升飞机。携带各种不同的武器包括鱼雷和深水炸弹,直升飞机能全天候操作,最大活动距离可距主舰200公里。
 
PROPULSIONS
推进
 
The ship’s propulsion is in the form of CODOG, consisting of two Ukraine-made DA80/DN80 gas turbines rated at 48,600hp and two Shaanxi diesels (Chinese copy of the MTU 20V956TB92) rated at 8,840hp (6.5 MW).
舰艇采用CODOG方式推进,由两台乌克兰制造的额定48,600hp DA80/DN80型燃气涡轮机和两台额定8,840 hp(6.5 MW)陕西柴油发动机(MTU 20 V956TB92的中国仿造型)组成。
 
SPECIFICATIONS
规格
 
Displacement: 6,500t 
Dimensions: Length 154m; Beam 17m, Draft 6m
Max Speed: 29kt
Crew: 280
排水量: 6,500 吨
尺寸: 长度 154 米;舰宽 17 米;吃水线 6 米
最大航速: 29 kt
全体人员: 280
 

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